Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal 2021-05-18T11:11:40+0430 Ahmad Soltani MD, PhD Open Journal Systems <p>The Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal (IR<span style="color: #ff0000;">C</span>MJ) is an international, open access, peer-reviewed, monthly, and ISI- Journal, affiliated to&nbsp;<strong>Iranian Hospital- Dubai</strong>, publishes original scientific studies in English that have direct clinical significance on&nbsp;<span style="color: #0033ff;">Basic Science, Clinical Medicine, Humanitarian Assistance, Trauma, and Disaster Management</span>.&nbsp;The journal strives to strengthen connections between research and practice, so enhancing professional development and improving practice within the field of medicine. Original papers submitted to this journal which do not adhere to the Instructions for Authors will be returned for appropriate revision to be in line with the Instructions for Authors. They may then be re-submitted.</p> Role of Social Media in Earthquake: A Systematic Review 2021-05-18T09:46:52+0430 Mohammadreza Amiresmaili Farzaneh Zolala Mahmood Nekoei-Moghadam Siavash Salavatian Mohammadreza Chashmyazdan Ahmad Soltani jaber savabi <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Social networks can perform a peculiar role in people's communication in the case of crisis and disaster. These media are interactive, digital, or mobile-based tools. Accordingly, the present study aimed to assess the role of social media in earthquakes.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> In this current systematic review, a query was conducted on such databases as Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane for articles in English language, based on the required criteria from 2000 to 2019 regarding the role of social media in disaster. As a result, 13,924 studies were retrieved, among which 3,963 were deleted due to duplication. Finally, among 244 selected articles, 19 full-text articles were analyzed.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> In the present research, 19 studies were thoroughly reviewed. The findings were assigned to four main categories (identification, notification, requests, as well as storage and retrieval of information) with 12 sub-topics. Most of the main topics and subsets were as follows: medical and food needs, information about the accident, as well as medical and relief services, efforts to save lives, the amount of damage, problems and limitations, post-crisis measures, such as keeping calm, reducing anxiety, avoiding high-risk areas, asking for financial assistance, as well as using the information to provide relief and map the affected areas and evacuation centers.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Considering the behavior of people in different geographical locations in the earthquake crisis, it seems that the case study of how to use social media in disaster management carries <strong>profound</strong> implications for modeling and localizing the cases in related disaster management institutions of many different countries, such as Iran.</p> 2021-05-18T09:46:51+0430 Copyright (c) 2021 Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal Correlation between stromal cell-derived factor 1 and the prognosis of transient ischemic attack 2021-05-18T11:11:40+0430 Mingjie Liu Jing Xie Xinxin Zheng Mengmeng Wang Guanglong Chen Tao Wang Yi Lu <p><strong>Background</strong>: Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) (1) is a neurological dysfunction of transient cerebrovascular ischemia, which is more common in clinical practice. The risk of further progression to ischemic stroke after a higher TIA can be used as&nbsp;a strong early warning signal of cerebral infarction.</p> <p>Objectives: To explore the correlation between stromal cell-derived factor 1&nbsp;(SDF-1) and the prognosis of TIA.&nbsp;</p> <p>Methods: A number of 65 patients with TIA were collected, the&nbsp;ABCD2&nbsp;clinical risk prediction&nbsp;score&nbsp;was implemented, relevant tests and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed, and the&nbsp;SDF-1 was recorded in serum levels. End-point events were selected in patients after cerebral infarction in the short term. The statistical analysis method was used to evaluate TIA short-term development for the occurrence of cerebral infarction after risk, the severity of serum level of SDF-1, and infarction.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Based on the results, the high-risk group, middle-risk group, and low-risk group had statistically significant differences in serum SDF-1 levels (F=3.820; P&lt;0.05).&nbsp; Correlation analysis demonstrated that ABCD2 score was positively correlated with serum SDF-1 (r=0.349; P&lt;0.05).&nbsp; End-point events were included in the occurrence group and not included in the non-occurrence group. The SDF-1 level of the occurrence group was significantly higher than that of the non-occurrence group.&nbsp; Based on the cranial MRI results as the gold standard, the areas under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) drawn based on the SDF-1, ABCD2 score, SDF-1 combined with the ABCD2 score, and the occurrence of end-point events were obtained at 0.717, 0.697, and 0.762, respectively.&nbsp; The sensitivity and specificity of SDF-1 were reported as 77.8% and 68.1%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the ABCD2 score were 83.3% and 48.9%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of SDF-1 combined with the ABCD2 score were 72.2% and 76.6%, respectively.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> As evidenced by the obtained results, SDF-1 is associated with ABCD2 score risk classification. Patients with high levels of SDF-1 combined with the ABCD2 score have a higher risk of cerebral infarction.&nbsp; Elevated SDF-1 levels may indicate that TIA patients have a poor short-term prognosis and have a certain predictive value for the diagnosis of the risk of ischemic stroke in the short term.</p> 2021-05-18T11:11:40+0430 Copyright (c) 2021 Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal