Background: Laparoscopic enteral-feeding access is the best option for patients with advanced upper gastrointestinal, oropharyngeal, and laryngeal cancers needing to maintain their caloric intake before surgery or during chemoradiotherapy.
Methods: During a laparoscopic procedure by a cystostomy catheter system, a jejunostomy tube was placed for 14 patients. All the patients had a 2-month follow-up for complications and performance of the feeding system.
Results: Based on the obtained results, there was no internal leak and peritonitis among the subjects. One patient converted to an open procedure due to perforation during the procedure. In three patients, the extraction of the catheter was encountered during the follow-up period and a replacement was required. One case of wound infection and one case of catheter obstruction occurred among the subjects. Catheter obstruction was easily resolved using warm water and pancreatic enzyme irrigation. There was one patient with partial intestinal obstruction who was managed through nonoperative means. No significant bleeding was encountered during the surgery.
Conclusion: Laparoscopic jejunostomy with this method is simple and cost-effective and can be performed within an acceptable timeframe with minimum complications. It is the procedure of choice for upper GI and laryngeal cancer patients, those at increased risk of aspiration, and subjects not candidates of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.
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