The Relationship between Health Literacy and Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine Rumors among Iranian Adult Population


Health Literacy, Rumor, COVID-19, Vaccination


How to Cite

Tajik Jalali, M., Ahmadi Marzaleh, M., Askarian, F., Najibi, M., Soltani, A., & Delavari, S. (2022). The Relationship between Health Literacy and Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine Rumors among Iranian Adult Population. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 24(9).


Background: Rumors circulation concerning various aspects of fighting COVID-19, vaccination in particular, has become one of the main challenges with which managers and policy makers have been faced to deal with different aspects of the disease. This makes recognizing and strengthening the effective factors in preventing the spread of rumors even more significant. As a result, current study has been carried out to investigate the link between health literacy among adults and their acceptance of COVID vaccine rumors in Iran
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from November 15 to December 15, 2021 in different provinces of Iran. The number of completed online questionnaires was 1158, and also SPSS software version 23 was used for data analysis
Results: Univariate analysis showed that health literacy had a statistical relationship with demographic variables of gender, marital status, and ethnicity, place of residence and level of education. This analysis also clarified that there was a significant connection between the average of rumors acceptance and the demographic variables of gender, marital status, and ethnicity, place of residence and level of education. The results of Pearson correlation coefficient test showed that there is a significant and inverse relationship between health literacy and rumor belief (p = 0.000, r = -0.590). This is in a way that the higher level of health literacy people have, the lower amount of rumor acceptance would be among them.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, as health literacy can have a significant effect on reducing the credibility of rumors and other misinformation among community members, macro-level decisions and policies are needed to improve factors such as health literacy so that individuals are more able to not only identify and track rumors but also make decisions based on reliable information on vaccination. This can ultimately result in public participation in the fight against coronavirus pandemic and its new strains.


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