Statistical methods used in Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal articles and relation with acceptance period: A review from 2014-2021
HTML
pdf

Keywords

Statistical Analysis
Original Articles
Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Study Design
Sample Size

How to Cite

Madadizadeh, F., & Bahariniya, S. . (2022). Statistical methods used in Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal articles and relation with acceptance period: A review from 2014-2021. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 24(6). Retrieved from https://ircmj.com/index.php/IRCMJ/article/view/1879

Abstract

Background & Objectives: Statistical methods as an adjunct to biomedical research have an important role in the design, management, analysis and interpretation of scientific data. The main purpose of this review was to determine the statistical methods, acceptance period and related factors in Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal (IRCMJ) articles.

Methods: Original articles in the period 2014 to 2021 from volumes 16 to 23 and issues 1 to 12 were reviewed (1300 articles). Each article was reviewed by a 2-member team consisting of a statistician and an expert researcher in the field of medical research. statistical methods, sample size, sampling method, statistical population, study design and software were extracted. Frequency, Percentage, Median, Inter quartile range and Multiple response analysis (MRA), the Kruskal–Wallis test and Spearman correlation coefficient were used to discription and analysis, respectively . All analyzes were performed in SPSS26 software with a significance level of 5%.

Results: The statistical population of most published articles was related to patients (41.2% and 547 articles). Most studies (43.5% and 565 articles) had a sample size between 100 and 500 people. Most of them were analytical intervention (41.2% and 535 articles). Median (IQR) of acceptance period were 94 (95.57) days. The results of MRA showed that both among the total tests and among the articles, the highest rate of use of statistical methods was related to T-test, Chi square test and descriptive statistics. There were no statistically significant factor influencing acceptance period (p>0.05), and no significant correlation between acceptance period and sample size of published articles (r=-0.04, p=0.625).

Conclusion: Given that acceptance period is a key factor for researchers to choose a journal, it seems to be effective if it is reduced. Contrary to some novice researchers' beliefs, the acceptance period of the article was not affected by the design, statistical methods, and sample size etc. of the study.

HTML
pdf

References

Parsons NR, Price CL, Hiskens R, Achten J, Costa ML. An evaluation of the quality of statistical design and analysis of published medical research: results from a systematic survey of general orthopaedic journals. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012; 12:60. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-60. [PubMed: 22533688].

Choi E, Lyu J, Park J, Kim HY. Statistical methods used in articles published by the Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science. J Periodontal Implant Sci. 2014;44(6):288-92. doi: 10.5051/jpis.2014.44.6.288. [PubMed: 25568809].

Retrieved from Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal (https://sites.kowsarpub.com/ircmj/index.html)

Ibrahimi E. Data analysis and documentation of statistics in biomedical research papers in Albania. Biostatistics Epidemiol Int J. 2018;1(1): 18-20. doi: 10.30881/beij.00006.

Nieminen P. Ten points for high-quality statistical reporting and data presentation. Appl Sci. 2020;10(11):3885. doi: 10.3390/app10113885.

Sato Y, Gosho M, Nagashima K, Takahashi S, Ware JH, Laird NM. Statistical methods in the journal—an update. N Engl J Med. 2017;376(11):1086-7. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc1616211. [PubMed: 28296608].

Nieminen P, Miettunen J, Koponen H, Isohanni M. Statistical methodologies in psychopharmacology: a review. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2006;21(3):195-203. doi: 10.1002/hup.759. [PubMed: 16625523].

Diong J, Butler AA, Gandevia SC, Héroux ME. Poor statistical reporting, inadequate data presentation and spin persist despite editorial advice. PloS one. 2018;13(8): e 0202121. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202121. [PubMed: 30110371].

Lang TA, Altman DG. Basic statistical reporting for articles published in biomedical journals: the" Statistical Analyses and Methods in the Published Literature" or the SAMPL Guidelines. Int J Nurs Stud. 2015;52(1):5-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.09.006. [PubMed: 25441757].

Nieminen P, Virtanen JI, Vähänikkilä H. An instrument to assess the statistical intensity of medical research papers. PLoS One. 2017;12(10):e0186882. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186882.

Scales CD, Norris RD, Preminger GM, Vieweg J, Peterson BL, Dahm P. Evaluating the evidence: statistical methods in randomized controlled trials in the urological literature. J Urol. 2008;180(4):1463-7. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2008.06.026. [PubMed: 18710745].

Yim KH, Nahm FS, Han KA, Park SY. Analysis of statistical methods and errors in the articles published in the Korean journal of pain. Korean J Pain. 2010;23(1):35-41. doi: 10.3344/kjp.2010.23.1.35. [PubMed: 20552071].

Al-Benna S, Al-Ajam Y, Way B, Steinstraesser L. Descriptive and inferential statistical methods used in burns research. Burns. 2010;36(3):343-346. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2009.04.030. [PubMed: 19541424].

Suresh KP, Chandrashekara S. Sample size estimation and power analysis for clinical research studies. J Hum Reprod Sci. 2012;5(1):7–13. doi: 10.4103/0974-1208.97779. [PubMed: 22870008].

Warne RT, Lazo M, Ramos T, Ritter N. Statistical methods used in gifted education journals, 2006-2010. Gift Child Q. 2012;56(3):134-49. doi: 10.1177/0016986212444122.

Possatto Junior O, Bertagna FA, Peterlini E, Baleroni AG, Rossi RM, Zeni Neto H. Survey of statistical methods applied in articles published in Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy from 1998 to 2016. Acta Sci Agron. 2019;41:1-10. doi: 10.4025/ACTASCIAGRON.V41I1.42641.

Yu TY, Jin Y, Jeong TO, Lee JB. Statistical Methods in the Articles in the Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine Published from 1998 to 2002. J Korean Soc Emerg Med. 2003;14(5):475-80.

Avram MJ, Shanks CA, Dykes MH, Ronai AK, Stiers WM. Statistical methods in anesthesia articles: an evaluation of two American journals during two six-month periods. Anesth Analg. 1985;64(6):607-611. [PubMed: 4003779].

Barbosa FT, Jucá MJ. Avaliação da qualidade dos ensaios clínicos aleatórios em anestesia publicados na resist brasileira de anestesiologia no período de 2005 a 2008. Rev Bras Anestesiol. 2009;59(2):223-233. doi: 10.1590/S0034-70942009000200011

Barbosa FT, Souza DA. Frequency of the Adequate Use of Statistical Tests of Hypothesis in Original Articles Published in the Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia between January 2008 and December 2009. Rev Bras Anestesiol. 2010;60(5):528-536. doi: 10.1016/S0034-7094(10)70064-7.

Bahariniya S, Madadizadeh F. Review of the Statistical Methods Used in Original Articles Published in Iranian Journal of Public Health: 2015-2019. Iran J Public Health. 2021;50(8):1577-1585. doi: 10.18502/ijph.v50i8.6803.

Madadizadeh F, Bahariniya S. Frequency of the Statistical Methods and Relation with Acceptance Period in Archives of Iranian Medicine Articles: A Review from 2015–2019. Arch Iran Med. 2022;25(4):267-73. doi: 10.34172/aim.2022.43 [PubMed: 35942999].