The Experiences of “Difficult Life” in Heart Valve Replaced Patients


mohsen taghadosi 1 , Robabeh Memarian 1 , * , Fazlollah Ahmadi 1

1 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: taghadosi M, Memarian R, Ahmadi F. The Experiences of “Difficult Life” in Heart Valve Replaced Patients, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014 ; 16(8):e95997. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.19147.


Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 16 (8); e95997
Published Online: August 05, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 03, 2019
Accepted: July 26, 2014




Background: Several reports, however, not comprehensive, have been presented about the experiences of patients with replaced heart-valve.

Objectives: This study explores the experiences of the patients with heart valve replacement.

Patients and Methods: A qualitative research with a content analysis approach was carried out on the patients with cardiac valve replacement during the year 2012 and 2013. A purposeful sampling using a semi-structured interview and open-ended questions (with the main question of "What problems did you have after the valve replacement?" followed by the exploratory questions) were performed until the data saturation. All interviews were recorded, then transcribed and typed. The data analysis was done according to Grancheim and Lundmen content analysis using the MAXQDA software.

Results: Of 22 interviews taken from 13 participants, 430 codes were taken. Out of them, after deleting the similar items, 162 initial, 18 subcategory, and 5 subsidiary themes (problematic exposure with valve replacement, continuity of some difficulties, aggravation of life problems, insufficient support, and following a perceived care) were extracted. Based on the abstract and deep perception of the categories, the main theme of "difficult life" was explored.

Conclusions: Aggravation and the continuity of some physical problems, and insufficient support after the valve replacement make the life difficult for the patients. Identification of these problems is necessary for planning and improvement of the patients' care, life quality, and survival through consultations, rehabilitation and education.


Heart Valve Prosthesis Heart Valve Implantation Qualitative Research Life

© 2014, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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