The Epidemiology of Orbital Exentration in Southern Iran


N Owji 1 , * , M Mosallaei 2

1 Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, Poostchi Eye Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], Fars, Iran

2 Department of Ophthalmology, Poostchi Eye Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Fars, Iran

How to Cite: Owji N, Mosallaei M. The Epidemiology of Orbital Exentration in Southern Iran, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 12(5):535-538.


Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 12 (5); 535-538
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 10, 2009
Accepted: April 12, 2010




Background: Exentration is performed as an infrequent procedure for the treatment of locally invasive or potentially life threatening orbital neoplasm, when less invasive management are inadequate. This study was performed to report the epidemiological features of diseases treated by orbital exentration as well as surgical techniques used in south of Iran.


Methods: In a retrospective study, records of all patients’ undergone exentration of the orbit between years 1986 and 2006, at the Khalili Teaching Eye Hospital were reviewed. Correspondingly, records of pathology were also searched for the same cases to confirm the pre-operation diagnosis in the charts.


Results: There were 28 men and 20 women with a mean age of 50±23.9 years. Basal cell carcinoma (31%), squamous cell carcinoma (18%) and malignant melanoma (14%) were found to be the frequent ones. Consequently, eyelid was reported as the anatomic site for origin of tumors in 41.6% of patients. The exenterated cavity was left to heal by granulation tissue and epithelialization in 32 cases (66%), skin graft was placed in 13 cases (27%) and tissue flap were prepared for reconstruction in the remaining three cases.


Conclusion: Basal cell carcinoma with secondary orbital involvement was the most common cause of orbital exenteration and healing by the granulation tissue was the main rout of reconstruction in our cases.


Epidemiology Orbital exenteration Iran

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Full Text

Full text is available in PDF