Effect of Cefazolin Prophylaxis on Postoperative Infectious Complications in Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomized Study

AUTHORS

Emin Turk 1 , Kivanc Serefhanoglu 2 , Hale Turan 2 , Gokhan Moray 1

1 Department of Surgery, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey

2 Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey

Warning: No corresponding author defined!

How to Cite: Turk E, Serefhanoglu K, Turan H, Moray G. Effect of Cefazolin Prophylaxis on Postoperative Infectious Complications in Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomized Study, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 15(7):581-586. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.11111.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 15 (7); 581-586
Published Online: July 4, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 6, 2013
Accepted: May 30, 2013
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Abstract

Background: In patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the standard method of treatment. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has a low rate of postoperative infections probably owing to smaller wounds and minimal tissue damage compared with the open procedure.

Objectives: This study assessed the effect of cefazolin prophylaxis on postoperative infection in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Additionally, we determined the risk factors of cases with postoperative infection.

Patients and Methods: A total of 753 patients were enrolled in the study. Among these, 206 were excluded from the study. As a result, 547 patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were selected for this prospective study. Patients were randomized consecutively and divided into 2 groups: patients in the cefazolin (CEF) group (n = 278) received 1 g of cefazolin and those in the control group (n = 269) received 10 mL of isotonic sodium chloride solution. Patient characteristics and overall surgical outcomes were compared between the groups. All patients were followed for development of postoperative infections.

Results: Postoperative infections occurred in 4 patients in the CEF group and in 2 patients in the control group; no significant difference existed in this regard(P = .44). Risk of infection increased in patients with previous cholecystitis and/or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (P < 0.001), patients with ruptured gallbladders, and patients for whom a suction drain was used (respectively, P < 0.001 and P < 0.001).

Conclusions: No correlation existed between cefazolin prophylaxis and postoperative infections in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. There may be an increased risk of infection in patients with previous cholecystitis or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In addition, there was an increased risk of postoperative infection in patients with gallbladder rupture and suction drain use.

Keywords

Antibiotic Prophylaxis Surgical Wound Infection Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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