Comparing Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy and Traditional Cognitive Behavior Therapy With Treatments as Usual on Reduction of Major Depressive Disorder Symptoms

AUTHORS

Abdollah Omidi 1 , Parvaneh Mohammadkhani 2 , Abolfazl Mohammadi 1 , Fatemeh Zargar 1 , *

1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran

2 Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Omidi A, Mohammadkhani P, Mohammadi A, Zargar F. Comparing Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy and Traditional Cognitive Behavior Therapy With Treatments as Usual on Reduction of Major Depressive Disorder Symptoms, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 15(2):142-6. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.8018.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 15 (2); 142-6
Published Online: January 4, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 2, 2012
Accepted: January 7, 2013
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Abstract

Background: In this studyMindfulness and CBT were combined to investigate the enhance of psychotropic work. Both therapies have integrated acceptance-based mindfulness approaches with change-based cognitive behavioral therapies to create efficacious treatments. That is, introduce use of MBCT in active phase of treatment and chronic depression.

Objectives: This study was done to evaluate efficacy of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and traditional Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) with Treatments as usual (TAU) to reduce psychiatric symptoms in a sample of patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

Materials and Methods: 90 patients who were referred to clinics of university of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences and Tehran University Counseling Centre and met DSM-IV criteria for MDD were selected. They were randomly assigned to MBCT (n = 30), CBT (n = 30), or TAU (n = 30). They were aged between 18 and 45 years (M = 28, SD = 8), with an average of two previous depression episodes. They were interviewed through the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and self-report by Brief Symptom Inventory, pre and post treatment. Patients in MBCT and CBT group received the treatment, while TAU group continued therapy (anti-depressant).

Results: The results indicated that MBCT and CBT groups have significant efficacy on reduction of MDD symptoms.

Conclusions: MBCT appears to be as effective as CBT in the treatment of current depression.

Keywords

Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Major depressive Disorder, psychiatric

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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