The Effect of Additional Pleural Procedures onto Recurrence Rates on the Spontaneous Pneumothorax Surgery

AUTHORS

Arife Zeybek 1 , * , Serdar Kalemci 2 , zlem Grnl Alma 3 , Alev Szen 4 , Murat Akgl 1 , Kadir 1

1 Mugla S?tk? Koman University Medical Faculty, Chest Surgery Clinic, Mugla, Turkey

2 Mugla S?tk? Koman University Medical Faculty, Chest Diseases Clinic, Mugla, Turkey

3 Mugla S?tk? Koman University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Statistics, Mugla, Turkey

4 Mugla State Hospital, Pediatric Surgery Clinic, Mugla, Turkey

How to Cite: Zeybek A, Kalemci S, Grnl Alma Z, Szen A, Akgl M, et al. The Effect of Additional Pleural Procedures onto Recurrence Rates on the Spontaneous Pneumothorax Surgery, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 15(2):136-41. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.7990.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 15 (2); 136-41
Published Online: February 4, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 28, 2012
Accepted: January 7, 2013
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Abstract

Background: Spontaneous pneumothoraxes constituted 1/1000 hospital admissions. They are particularly one of life threatening health issues in combination with bilateral pneumothorax, tension pneumothorax, repertory failure or COPD.

Objectives: The cases of spontaneous pneumothorax represent a significant portion of the patients profile within the chest surgery clinics. The risk of recurrent pneumothorax in post thoracoscopy is between 2% and 14%, thus the subject of cure treatment and approach is still controversial. The cases were retrospectively treated due to spontaneous pneumothorax and their reasons, treatment approaches and results were comparatively examined with the literature.

Patients and Methods: The years between 2007 and 2010, according to our hospital clinic, outpatients and accident & emergency admission records, 79 patients were admitted with a diagnosis of spontaneous pneumothorax; and the patients age, gender, symptoms, types of pneumothorax, surgical intervention and recurrence, average length of stay, mortality and complications were retrospectively evaluated.

Results: Seventy of all the patients (88.6%) were male and 9 of those (13.7%) were female. The mean age was calculated as 45.50 21.07 (0-85). The patients were comprised of 41 (51.9%) with primary spontaneous pneumothorax and 38 (48.1%) with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. 55 of the patients (69.6%) with the first attack, and 24 patients (30.4%) with post tube thoracotomys 2nd or 3rd pneumothorax attack were admitted. Those who were accepted with post tube thoracostomys 2nd or 3rd attack made up 2/3 of the secondary spontaneous pneumothorax patients. 57 of the patients (68.4%) were treated with the tube thoracostomy. The tube thoracostomy related complication was 6.3%, hemorrhage due to parenchymal damage and massive air leak were observed. An open surgical method to 22 of those patients and apical resection and apical pleurectomy + tetracycline pleurodesis to 16 of whom and bullae ligation and mechanical abrasion to 6 patients were applied. The recurrence of pneumothorax in post-surgery was not observed for 1-3 year period Complication was not detected .Mortality, one patient (1.3%) died in post tube thoracotomy, which was a stage 4 lung cancer patient.

Conclusions: Most cases for pneumothorax were consisted of the patients with the primary spontaneous pneumothorax; the patients with recurrent pneumothorax were comprised of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax patients and those of majority secondary spontaneous pneumothorax patients were observed with bullous emphysema profile. By looking at the pertinent literature, there are publications showing VATS with the recurrence rate ranging from 2% to 14% and post thoracotomy recurrence rate from 0% to 7%. We think that applying pleurectomy, mechanical abrasion and chemical pleurodesis additional to bullae ligation or apical resection in pneumothorax surgery will significantly reduce the recurrence rate.

Keywords

Pneumothorax Primary Spontaneous Thoracotomy

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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