The Effect of Health Belief Model Educational Program and Jogging on Control of Sugar in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

AUTHORS

SM Kashfi 4 , A Khani Jeihooni 2 , * , A Rezaianzadeh 1 , Sh Amini 3

4 Shiraz University of Medical Science, Iran

2 Department of Public Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], Iran

1 Department of Public Health, School of Health and Nutrition, Health Science Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Department of Public Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Iran

How to Cite: Kashfi S, Khani Jeihooni A, Rezaianzadeh A, Amini S. The Effect of Health Belief Model Educational Program and Jogging on Control of Sugar in Type 2 Diabetic Patients, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 14(7):442-446.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 14 (7); 442-446
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: November 30, 2011
Accepted: February 20, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Researchers believe that most of diabetic patients are not necessarily aware of the role of exercises, especially jogging in controlling their disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of educational program and jogging based on health belief model (HBM) on sugar control in type 2 diabetic patients.

 

Methods: One hundred diabetic (type 2) patients were involved in this prospective quasi- experimental interventional study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of experimental and control. Data was collected using a questionnaire based on the HBM model, a check list for patient`s practices and a check list for recording the patient`s hemoglobin (HbA1C) and fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels.

 

Results: Our findings indicated that after intervention, there was a significant difference between the mean score of the HBM model variables (susceptibility, severity, benefit and perceived obstacles,) in the experimental group compared to the control group. Additionally, behavioral jogging, level of HbA1C and FBS levels improved significantly among the experimental group when compared to the control group.

 

Conclusion: Applying the HBM model was found to be a very effective means for developing an educational program of jogging for diabetics, in order to control their blood sugar.

Keywords

Type 2 DM Jogging Health Belief model

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