The Effect of Short Duration Sperm Exposure on Development of Preeclampsia in Primigravid Women

AUTHORS

Z Sadat 1 , M Abedzadeh Kalahroudi 2 , * , F Saberi 1

1 Trauma Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

2 Masoumeh Abedzadeh Kalahroudi, MSc, Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], Iran

How to Cite: Sadat Z, Abedzadeh Kalahroudi M, Saberi F. The Effect of Short Duration Sperm Exposure on Development of Preeclampsia in Primigravid Women, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 14(1):20-24.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 14 (1); 20-24
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 30, 2011
Accepted: May 9, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia is one of the most serious complications, and affecting about 3% of pregnancies. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact short duration of exposure to sperm on development of preeclampsia.

 

Methods: The duration of sperm exposure with the biological father (cohabitation without barrier methods) <3, <6 months were evaluated among 120 primigravid women with preeclampsia and 120 women without preeclampsia in a case-control study.

 

Results: The short duration of exposure to sperm was more common in women with preeclampsia compared with controls (29.2 versus 14.2 for <3 months, adjOR 2.6 (95% CI=1.32-5.13) and (45 versus 29.2 for <6 months, adjOR 2.4 (95% CI=1.35-4.32). Regardless of the contraceptive method, short duration of cohabitation was more common in preeclamptic group (14.2 versus 5.8 for <3 months, adjOR 3.38 (95% CI=1.28-8.92) and (29.7 versus 13.3 for <6 months, adjOR 2.64(95% CI=1.24-5.79).  

 

Conclusion: It was concluded that short duration of exposure to sperm was more common in women with preeclampsia compared with controls.

Keywords

Preeclampsia Sperm exposure Cohabitation Pregnancy

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