Ilizarov Versus AO External Fixator for the Treatment of Tibia Open Fractures

AUTHORS

SM Esmaeilnejad Ganji 1 , * , M Bahrami 2 , F Joukar 2

1 Department of Orthopedics, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], Iran

2 Department of Orthopedics, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Iran

How to Cite: Esmaeilnejad Ganji S, Bahrami M, Joukar F. Ilizarov Versus AO External Fixator for the Treatment of Tibia Open Fractures, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 13(12):868-872.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 13 (12); 868-872
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 26, 2011
Accepted: November 1, 2011

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Abstract

Background:  In developing countries, Ilizarov or AO external fixator is usually used for treatment of tibial open fractures. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of these two methods for treatment of tibial open fractures.

 

Methods: From April 2002 to April 2010, 120 patients with open tibial fractures admitted to the Department of Orthopedics of Babol University of Medical Sciences entered this study. In each arm, 60 subjects randomly received Ilizarov or AO external fixator. All patients were followed at least for one year. These two groups were compared regarding non-union, malunion and cure rates.

 

Results: The mean age of the patients in Ilizarov group was 32.35±11.28 and for AO were 31.3±10.99 years. Mean time for union in Ilizarov group was 5.25±1.85 and for AO external fixator was 5.85±2.13 months. Non-union rate in Ilizarov group was 10% and for AO external fixator was 11.7%. Malunion rate in Ilizarov group was 10% and for AO external fixator was 18.3%. Totally, efficacy of treatment in the Ilizarov group was 81.7% and in AO external fixator was 65%.

 

Conclusion: The efficacy of treatment in Ilizarov was higher than that AO external fixator in treatment of open tibial fractures.

Keywords

Fracture Tibia Open Ilizaro AO external fixator Treatment

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