Stress, Coping Strategies and Related Factors in a Sample of Iranian Adolescents

AUTHORS

M Saffari 1 , F Ghofranipour 2 , * , M Mahmoudi 1 , A Montazeri 3

1 Department of Health Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran

2 Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, PO Box: 1411713116, [email protected], Iran

3 Department of Mental Health, Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Iran

How to Cite: Saffari M, Ghofranipour F, Mahmoudi M, Montazeri A. Stress, Coping Strategies and Related Factors in a Sample of Iranian Adolescents, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 13(9):641-646.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 13 (9); 641-646
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 12, 2011
Accepted: April 25, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Since the stress and coping are the most reported problems by adolescents, this study aims to apprise the stressors, coping strategies and influential factors among male adolescents.

 

Methods: The effect of stressors, coping strategies and some demographics variables were studied in 402 male adolescents in Tehran, Iran. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. A multiple regression was performed to assess factors related to perceived stress.

 

Results: The mean age of adolescents was 15.44 (SD=0.68) years. The mean value of perceived stress for the whole sample was 17.99 (SD=6.02). Cognitive/emotional coping was the most frequent coping style. The findings revealed that there was a significant correlation between perceived and accumulative stress. In multiple regression analysis, the accumulative stress, social resources, parent`s education and grade point average were found to be significant predictors of perceived stress.

 

Conclusion: The findings suggest that increased level of perceived stress is associated with accumulative stress, social resources and parent`s education that are modifiable factors. Stress management education might be a solution to overcome increased perceived stress.

 

Keywords

Perceived stress Adolescents Coping Iran

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