A Qualitative Study of the Impact of Spousal Death on Changed Parenting Practices of Iranian Single-Parent Widows

AUTHORS

Sh Khosravan 1 , * , Sh Salehi 2 , F Ahmadi 3 , F Sharif 4

1 Nursing and Midwifery School, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], Khorasan Razavi, Iran

2 Nursing and Midwifery School, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Iran

3 Tarbiat Modares University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Fars, Iran

How to Cite: Khosravan S, Salehi S, Ahmadi F, Sharif F. A Qualitative Study of the Impact of Spousal Death on Changed Parenting Practices of Iranian Single-Parent Widows, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 12(4):388-395.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 12 (4); 388-395
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 4, 2009
Accepted: February 8, 2010

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Abstract

Background: While it is expected, different causes to decision making accept parenting responsibility and parenting style based on the single parenthood occurs as a result death of the spouse, it has not been clearly articulated. Therefore, we explored the parenting experiences of Iranian single-parent widows who keep custody of their children after their spouses die.

 

Method: In this descriptive, exploratory study in-depth interviews were held with 24 Iranian single-parent widows. The data generated were analyzed using the constant comparative method. 

 

Result: Preliminary results indicated four main thematic categories: (a) development of a paradoxical identity: a hopeless widow vs. a hopeful mother, (b) submerging self in custody role vs. staying from widow role, (c) sentimental parenting and, (d) paradoxical evaluation: fruitful for children vs. fruitless for self.

 

Conclusion: The results indicate that single-parenting after the death of the spouse is a difficult experience. Sentimental parenting practices, related to maladjustment with spousal death and roles transformation is a risk for the health of widow-single parents, so they need to be supported by health care delivery and social welfare systems to cope with their life after spousal death.

Keywords

Maladjustment Parenting practices Sentimental parenting Single-parent widows

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