Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria in Hospitalized Patients with Bloodstream infections: Analysis of Some Associated Factors

AUTHORS

A Japoni 1 , * , M Kalani 2 , Sh Farshad 2 , M Ziyaeyan 2 , A Alborzi 2 , D Mehrabani 2 , N Rafaatpour 2

1 Professor Alborzi Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], Iran

2 Prof Alborzi Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Fars, Iran

How to Cite: Japoni A, Kalani M, Farshad S, Ziyaeyan M, Alborzi A, et al. Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria in Hospitalized Patients with Bloodstream infections: Analysis of Some Associated Factors, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 12(2):163-171.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 12 (2); 163-171
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 10, 2008
Accepted: May 17, 2009

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Abstract

Background: Blood infections are life-threatening if not detected and managed properly. This study investigates the correlation between fever and previous antibiotics therapy with differential time to positivity (DTP) at admitted patients at Nemazee Hospital in Shiraz, southern Iran.

 

Methods: From January 2005 to December 2006, 985 positive blood samples in Bactec bottles from the admitted patients at Nemazee Hospital were analyzed. Sensitivity patterns of the bacteria to a panel of antibiotics were determined by the disk diffusion method.

 

Results: S. epidermidis, S. aureus and Acinetobacter were the most prevalent isolates respectively.However, only 100 (20.7%) S. epidermidis samples were the true infections. The most susceptible Gram positive and negative bacteria were S. viridance, S. aureus, H. influenzae, and Brucella spp., respectively. Imipenem, amikacin and ciprofloxacin were the effective ones against Gram negative bacteria, while vancomycin, co-amoxiclav and chloramphenicol were effective against Gram positive ones. Cefuroxime and penicillin G were less effective antibiotics against both Gram negative and positive bacteria.

 

Conclusion: As demonstrated, the combined prescription of vancomycin and imipenem seems to cover the majority of infective agents in the blood whenever an empirical therapy is to be initiated. Moreover, periodic surveillance of antibacterial susceptibility patterns is warranted.

Keywords

Bactec 9240 Differential time to positivity (DTP) Antibiotics susceptibility patterns Fever Iran

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