The role of Rheumatoid Factor and Anti-Cyclic Citrulli-nated Peptide Antibody in Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis

AUTHORS

M Mobini 1 , * , Z Kashi 2 , MR Mahdavi 2

1 Assistant professor of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Khomeini hospital, [email protected], Mazandaran, Iran

2 Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran

How to Cite: Mobini M, Kashi Z, Mahdavi M. The role of Rheumatoid Factor and Anti-Cyclic Citrulli-nated Peptide Antibody in Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 12(2):100-103.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 12 (2); 100-103
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 20, 2009
Accepted: July 5, 2009

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Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid Factor (RF) occurs in 70- 90% of patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (Anti-CCP) detection may be used to confirm the diagnosis of RA in patients with uncharacterized chronic inflammatory arthritis. This study is an attempt to evaluate the role of RF and anti-CCP in the diagnosis and prognosis of rheumatoid arthritis.

 

Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 55 patients with established RA and 55 healthy controls. Anti-CCP and RF were measured by ELISA and nephelometry. The patient's demographics, disease duration, DMARDs usage, ESR and radiographic abnormalities were recorded.

 

Results: Fifty five RA patients and 55 healthy age and sex matched controls were enrolled. Odd ratio (OR) was 87.42 (CI=11.2-680.1) for RF and 27.48 (6/08-124/09) for Anti- CCP. Five patients had used more than 3 DMARDs; all of them were RF positive and 4 were also anti-CCP positive. Eleven patients had erosions in their radiographs; 10 of them were seropositive for RF and 9 positive for anti-CCP.

 

Conclusion: Our study suggests that despite lack of specificity, RF continues to be a central part of the definition of RA due to favorable sensitivity profile and the combined use of RF. Also, anti-CCP is a more powerful diagnostic and prognostic tool.

 

Keywords

Anti-CCP Rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid factor

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