Document Type : Research articles

Authors

1 Department of Pharmacology, Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Medical Genetic, Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Pediatric, Namazi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Epidemiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

5 Department of Radiology, Medical Imaging Research Center, Namazi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

6 Medical Biotechnology Department, School of Advanced Medical Sciences and Technology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Background: Gilbert’s syndrome can present as a chronic or benign asymptomatic condition, characterized by a slight increase in the serum bilirubin level without any hemolysis. In 1995, a genetic variation, located in the TATA box of UGT1A1 gene promoter, was identified in patients with Gilbert’s syndrome. Also, further analysis identified a new missense variation, Gly71Arg, within the codon region of UGT1A1 gene. Coincidence of TATA box and Gly71Arg variations and their relationship with clinical findings are mostly variable.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine TATA box and Gly71Arg variations of UGT1A1 gene and assess their effects on clinical findings in patients with Gilbert’s syndrome in southern provinces of Iran.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, 213 unrelated infants and children, below 12 years, who were admitted to the pediatric ward of Namazi hospital, Shiraz, Iran, were enrolled from June 2015 to May 2016. Blood-extracted DNA was used for genotyping TATA box and Gly71Arg variations by sequencing. Further biochemical analyses were performed for each patient.
Results: About 78.9% of the studied subjects had normal homozygous genotypes, and 21.1% were heterozygous for the Gly71Arg variation. In total, 34% of the cases were normal in the promoter region (TA6/6), and 55% were heterozygous with genotypes TA6/7, TA6/5, and TA 6/8. Three combinations of genotypes, ie, TA6/7-Gly/Gly, TA7/7-Gly/Gly, and TA7/7-Gly/Arg, showed significant differences in the serum total bilirubin level. Also, creatinine phosphokinase in TA6/7-Gly/Arg, TA7/7-Gly/Gly, and TA7/7-Gly/Arg had a significant increase.
Conclusions: The present findings showed that the TA7/7 promoter of UGT1A1 gene accounted for a considerable number of Gilbert’s syndrome cases (11.3%). The studied variations had a significant effect on creatine phosphokinase and serum total bilirubin levels.

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