Document Type : Research articles


1 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: Stroke is the main cause of adult inability and dependency on caregiver in performing activities of daily living (ADLs). Studies showed that the caregivers of such patients experienced high levels of dependency-induced caring pressure and, conse- quently, physical-psychological problems. Objectives: The present study aimed to examine the effect of the instructional intervention on family caregivers’ perceived threat of stroke patients dependency risk.
Methods: In a randomized controlled clinical trial study, a total of 45 pairs of stroke patients and their family caregivers were se- lected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and randomly divided into the intervention and control groups. Sampling lasted from July 2016 to March 2017 and was performed in Tehran, Iran. Instructional intervention for family caregivers in the intervention group was in the form of four one-hour sessions. The data were collected before and immediately after instructional intervention at the hospital as well as two weeks and two months following the intervention via postal service. Results: The mean rank of family caregivers’ perceived threat was 1.44 and 2.76 in pre-intervention stage of intervention and control groups, which became 2.49 and 2.49 two months after intervention, respectively. The Friedman test showed that there was a signifi- cant difference in all post instructional intervention stages compared with pre-intervention (P < 0.001), whereas no such difference was observed in the control group (P = 0.245). The Mann-Whitney U test also showed that the pre-intervention family caregivers per- ceived threat was also not significantly different in the two groups (P = 0.591). However, it was increased immediately, two weeks,
and two months following the intervention compared with the control group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: It is recommended that stroke patients’ caregivers be provided with instructional programs to enhance their under- standing of patient dependency risks and challenges.