Document Type : Research articles


1 Department of Neurosurgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China

2 Department of Obstetrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi 'an Jiaotong University, Xi 'an, Shaanxi710054


Background: Cerebral hemorrhage refers to a hemorrhagic disease caused by primary non-traumatic rupture of blood vessels in the brain parenchyma. It is a common acute cerebrovascular disease in the elderly.Objectives: To observe the effect of perioperative nursing on minimally invasive intracranial hematoma removal surgery in patients with cerebral hemorrhage.Methods: This randomized controlled trial study was conducted on 106 patients undergoing treatment for minimally invasive internal hematoma (MIRIH) at the First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin, China, between January and December 2022. These patients were randomly divided into two groups, namely the control and observation groups (n=53 each). The observation group received perioperative care in addition to routine care. Differences between groups were compared using t-tests and Chi-square tests.Results: On the first day, there were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics between the groups. However, on the 7th and 14th days of admission, the observation group showed an increase in potassium ions and a decrease in chloride ions, lactate dehydrogenase, trace microalbumin, and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, compared to the control group (P<0.05). The observation group also had a lower incidence of postoperative complications, including pneumonia, lower limb vein thrombosis, and cerebral hernia, compared to the control group (P<0.05). NIHSS scores on days 7 and 14 were significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (day 7: 9.60±4.11 vs 12.02±2.83, P<0.05; day 14: 6.77±3.47 vs 9.19±2.86, P<0.05).Conclusion: Perioperative nursing leads to improvement in electrolyte/metabolic levels, neurological recovery, and reduction in post-MIRIH surgical complications.


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