Document Type : Research articles


Burn and Plastic Surgery Department, Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital, Xining, China


Background: Burn is a kind of skin tissue damage under the influence of heat source, which is a common type of accidental injury in current society.Objective: To investigate the status of preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain in children with burn patients, and to analyze the correlation between preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain.Methods: A total of 108 pediatric patients who underwent burn surgery under general anesthesia in our hospital from October 2020 to August 2021 were selected. FLACC and Facial Expression Pain Scale were used to evaluate the pain of the children, and STAI and YPAS were used to evaluate the anxiety of the children. Correlation was used to analyze the effect of preoperative anxiety on postoperative pain in burn children.Results: Preoperative anxiety and severe anxiety accounted for more than 50% of burn children, and there was a statistically significant difference in preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain between 1-3-year-old children and 4-12-year-old children. The influencing factors of postoperative pain in children with burns were analyzed, including burn area, depth of burn, and previous operations. The multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for postoperative pain in children were age, burn area, depth of burn, preoperative anxiety of children, and parental trait anxiety, after statistical test, it shows that each influencing factor has a significant influence on postoperative pain in children (P < 0.05). In the correlation analysis of preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain in children with burns, it was shown that preoperative anxiety in children aged 1 to 3 years had a significant impact on postoperative pain of children, and the correlation analysis showed that preoperative anxiety of children with burns There was a positive correlation between anxiety score and postoperative pain (r=0.479, P=0.001).Conclusion: The incidence of preoperative anxiety in children with burn patients is high, and the postoperative pain scores are also different in different age groups. In addition, there is a current correlation between preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain in children with burn patients, and the correlation is positively correlated, that is, the higher the patient's anxiety score, the more intense the patient's postoperative pain.


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