Uterine Prolapse as a Rare Cause of Intestinal Obstruction: A Case Report and Literature Review

Amin Dalili; Alireza Rezapanah; Maryam Sarkardeh; Mohammad Moein Shirzad; Tooraj Zandbaf; Sepehr Shirzadeh

Volume 25, Issue 2 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: The etiology of pelvic organ prolapse is multifactorial. Age and parity are especially the two most important risk factors for this condition. Small bowel obstruction is one of the most common clinical presentations to the emergency department that can result in significant morbidity and ...  Read More

Drill; A Solution to Reduce Mistriage in Prehospital Emergency Setting

Mahdi Nabi Foodani; Masoumeh Zakerimoghadam; Saiedeh Bahrampouri; Zahra Abbasi Dolatabadi

Volume 24, Issue 12 , 2022

Abstract
  Background: Triage is used as one of the main concepts in the emergency medicine to differentiate between critically ill patients or patients in a non-emergency situation. Miss-triage occurs if the prioritization of patients or injured is not done correctly for any reason. Miss-triage occurs in two forms ...  Read More

Mask Use Scale: A Scale Development Study

Rojjin Mamuk; Melike Di?siz

Volume 25, Issue 1 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: The correct use of face masks is one of the most effective ways to prevent the transmission of COVID-19 and other respiratory infections. Objectives: The present study aimed to develop a valid and reliable measure to assess attitudes and behaviors related to face mask use in social settings. Methods: ...  Read More

Relationship between Health Literacy and Acceptance of Rumors Related to COVID-19 Vaccination among Iranian Adult Population

Marzie Tajik Jalali; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh; Fateme Askarian; Seyede Maryam Najibi; Ahmad Soltani; Sajad Delavari

Volume 24, Issue 9 , 2022

Abstract
  Background: Rumors concerning various aspects of the fight against COVID-19, vaccination, in particular, have become one of the main challenges for managers and policymakers who have to deal with different aspects of the disease. This necessitates the recognition of the factors that influence the prevention ...  Read More

A New Inflammatory Marker of the No-reflow Phenomenon after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) to Saphenous Venous in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Yasin Ozen

Volume 25, Issue 11 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Although numerous mechanisms regarding the no-reflow phenomenon (NRP) have been mentioned, they have not yet been fully elucidated. The NRP can impact the success rate even in a technically flawless percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), which can be annoying. Before the procedure, there ...  Read More

Designing a Model to Predict the Mortality in Multiple Trauma Patients due to Traffic Accidents

Elham Hosseinalizadeh; Robab Mehdizadeh Esfanjani; Haniyeh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 25, Issue 10 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: It is of prime importance to manage trauma patients in the early hours and use easy trauma severity scoring systems to make decisions and evaluate patient prognosis.Objectives: The present study aimed to design a predictive model of the mortality of multi-trauma patients due to traffic accidents.Methods: ...  Read More

Pattern and Severity of Traumatic Renal Injury: A Three-Year Study at Single Level One Trauma Center in Southern Iran

Mehrdad Karajizadeh; Mahnaz Yadollahi; Najmeh Bordbar; Zahra Ghahramani

Volume 25, Issue 1 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Renal trauma is among the most important trauma challenges. Better management of traumatic renal patients is necessary to improve the patients clinical outcome. Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the pattern, severity, mechanism of injury, and outcome in renal trauma. Methods: This cross-sectional ...  Read More

Factors Associated with Health-related Quality of Life after Hospitalization for COVID-19 in Diabetic and Non-diabetic Patients: A Cross-sectional Study

Omolbanin Atashbahar; Mohammad Moqaddasi Amiri; Majid Heidari Jamebozorgi; Moazame sadat Razavi nasab; Iman Nosratabadi; Reza Sadeghi

Volume 25, Issue 7 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Diabetes is a non-communicable disease with fatal complications. Diabetic patients are highly susceptible to COVID-19 side effects and persistent post-discharge symptoms that impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Objectives: This study aimed to assess HRQoL and examine factors affecting ...  Read More

Reliability and Validity of Persian Version of WHO Mass Gathering COVID-19 Risk Assessment Tool- Generic Events in Iranian Population

Ahmad Soltani; Shahram Mohaghegh

Volume 25, Issue 2 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: The risk of transmission of COVID-19 infection significantly increases with mass gatherings during the pandemic. According to WHO recommendations, the decision to hold, modify, postpone, or cancel gatherings of any size during the COVID-19 pandemic should rely on a risk-based approach. WHO ...  Read More

Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Patients with Fournier's Gangrene

Zeliha Turkyilmaz; Yusuf Emre Aytin

Volume 25, Issue 6 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: The first case of COVID-19 infection in Turkey was reported on March 11th, 2020, and declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020, introducing new regulations to national health systems. Some patients with non-COVID-19 presentations may have been adversely affected ...  Read More

Static Analysis and Design of Innovative Porous Lumbar Interbody Cages

Melika Esmaeili Nasab; Niusha Ansari; Sedigheh Galeshi; Fariba Ghorbani; Shadi Shafaghi; Masoud Shafaghi

Volume 25, Issue 2 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Interbody discs play a major role in maintaining the spine and skeleton structures which may undergo damage. If damage is so severe that the disc cannot be repaired, implants, known as "interbody cages", should be used. Objectives: The present study aimed to propose a novel design with proper ...  Read More

Efficacy of Laryngeal Mask Airway Impregnation with Diltiazem Gel on Hemodynamic Changes in Patients with Hypertension Undergoing Phacoemulsification Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Javad Amini-Saman; Shahla Mirzaeei; Yasamin Amini-Saman; Mitra Yari; sharmin rahmani

Volume 25, Issue 5 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Airway control problems are among the most prevalent causes of anesthesia-related mortality and morbidity. Some devices provide patients with adequate oxygen supply and ventilation during surgery by creating a safe airway in anesthetized patients. One of these devices is the laryngeal mask ...  Read More

Comparison of the Dexmedetomidine and Sufentanil Added to Spinal Anesthesia with Bupivacaine for Hemodynamic Stability and Postoperative Analgesia in Elective Cesarean Section Surgery: A Single-Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial

Javad Amini-Saman; Mahrokh Alikhani; Mohammad Javad Nadersepahi; Sharmin Rahmani

Volume 25, Issue 3 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Hemodynamic instability, including hypotension and bradycardia, can occur due to spinal anesthesia by bupivacaine. However, it is possible to reduce the chance of hemodynamic changes by the reduction of the dose of bupivacaine and/or the addition of adjunctive agents. Objective: This study ...  Read More

Anal Carcinoma in Patients with Crohn's Disease: Three Cases Report and Literature Review

Yuan Zhao; Fan Lan; Lingya Yao; Qian Cao

Volume 25, Issue 2 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Anal cancer in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) is rare, and the relationship between infliximab and anal cancer is not clear yet. The present study aimed to report three patients with CD complicated with anal cancer who used infliximab with their basic features. Case presentation: Three ...  Read More

Spotlight on the Expanding Role of DANCR in Tumorigenesis and Tumor Progression

Milad Rafat; Masoumeh Afsa; Mohsen Nikbakht; Kianoosh Malekzadeh

Volume 25, Issue 6 , 2023

Abstract
  Context: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is a novel set of non-coding RNAs (ncRNA), over 200 nucleotides in length, accounting for the regulation of genes and chromosome structure. There are a few articles, mostly focusing on changes in the expression profile of DANCR. However, this review tried to collect ...  Read More

Effect of Surgical Sympathectomy in Patients Diagnosed with Thromboangiitis Obliterans Compared to Pharmacotherapy and Bypass Surgery

Javad Salimi; Maryam Abbasi; Fatemeh Chinisaz; Seyed Amir Miratashi Yazdi

Volume 25, Issue 6 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) is a vasculopathy involving small and intermediate vessels of extremities with various medical and surgical treatment strategies. Objectives: This cohort study aimed to compare the outcomes of medical and surgical interventions in patients with TAO. Methods: ...  Read More

Succinate as an Oncometabolite in Endocrine, Mesenchymal, and Epithelial Tumors

Seyed Amir Miratashi Yazdi; Elham Nazar

Volume 24, Issue 12 , 2022

Abstract
  Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) is a multifaceted enzyme for the mitochondria of eukaryotes, which is responsible for converting succinate to fumarate as a component in the Krebs cycle. Its dysfunction occurs in several malignancies associated with endocrine and epithelial tumors. SDH is an enzymatic complex ...  Read More

Overexpression of Argonaute HIWI Gene in Colorectal Cancer Stem Cells and Colorectal Cancerous Tissue

Karim Mohamed Abdalla Ziyada; Donya Vatanzadeh; Asghar Beigi Harchegegani; Eisa Tahmasbpour Marzouni; Mahdi Ghatrehsamani; Issa Layali; Mohammad Mahdi Jaafarzadeh; Saeid Rahmanzadeh

Volume 25, Issue 3 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Post-treatment nursing care is essential for patients with venous malformations (VMs) after they have undergone treatment. Effective post-treatment nursing care requires adequate resources, effective communication, patient compliance, and addressing psychological distress. However, the clinical ...  Read More

Reconstruction of Facial Skin Defects with Flap and Graft Techniques: A Comparative Study

Saeed Noori; Amir Hossein Shiri; Mahdi Ghoncheh; Abbas Ali Ramazani; Mohsen Najmaddini

Volume 25, Issue 5 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Reconstruction of facial skin defects is challenging. Skin flaps and grafts are well-known techniques for reconstructing these defects. The outcomes of the surgeries can vary depending on the surgical procedures and the patient's characteristics. Objectives: This study aimed to compare the ...  Read More

Medical Students Risk Perception of COVID-19 Disease: A Cross-sectional Study

Nahid Aghaei; Iman Asdaghijahromi; Hedayat Jafari; Tahereh Yaghoubi; Abdol Jalil Keragholi

Volume 25, Issue 4 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: The risk perception of the COVID-19 disease has a direct impact on vulnerability and preventive behaviors. Considering the special position of medical students in society, this research aims to assess the risk perception among medical students. Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate ...  Read More

Investigation of Anxiety among Pharmacy Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Northern Cyprus

Emre Hamurtekin; Ahmet Sami Bo?nak; Forouzandeh Farhoumand; Azadeh Mohebali; Ay?egul Kaymak Ozdemir; Majid Motaghinejad

Volume 24, Issue 12 , 2022

Abstract
  Background: Anxiety is common among university students and previous research has highlighted the association between the COVID-19 pandemic and higher anxiety scores in the public. Objectives: In this regard, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the anxiety status of pharmacy ...  Read More

Study of the Organizational Structure of Military Hospitals in Selected Countries of the World Based on the World Bank Model - a Qualitative Study

Mahdi Nikoomanesh; Puran Raeissi Dehkordi; Sudabeh Vatan Khah; Seyyed Masoud Hashemi

Volume 25, Issue 2 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: The health has turned into one of the most important issues in different societies; hence, the demand for health-medical services has increased. Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate and use the experiences of the military health system of other countries regarding the organizational ...  Read More

Three-dimensional Motion Analysis of Sacroiliac Joint Mobility: A Reliability Study

Ahmad Bahramian Parchekouhi; Noureddin Karimi; Mohammad Yousefi; Farhad Tabatabai Ghomsheh; Leila Rahnama

Volume 25, Issue 1 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) movement has been investigated in many studies using a motion analysis system; however, the reliability of this method has not been well defined yet. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the reliability of measuring the three-dimensional (3D) movement of the ...  Read More

Application of Nursing Intervention Based on the Information-motivation-behavioral Model in Rehabilitation after Vocal Cord Polypectomy

Zhile Xie

Volume 25, Issue 7 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Vocal cord polyps are common benign lesions that cause voice disorders, particularly hoarseness, which can interfere with daily communication. Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the effect of applying a nursing intervention based on the information-motivation-behavioral (IMB) ...  Read More

Healthcare Workers Experiences of Strategies in Caring for Patients with Obesity: A Qualitative Content Analysis

Maryam Bagheri; Abbas Heydari; Zahra Sadat Manzari

Volume 25, Issue 1 , 2023

Abstract
  Background: Healthcare workers try their best to deal with the challenges of caring for patients with obesity (PWO). However, no study has addressed the strategies used in taking care of PWO. Healthcare workers experiences of these strategies can facilitate the challenges of caring for these patients. Objectives: ...  Read More