Long-Term Survival in the Concomitant Evolution of Two Cancers: The Idiopathic Myelofibrosis and the Clear Cell Renal Carcinoma; A Case Report

Alina Benea; Adrian Penciu; Laurentiu Nedelcu

Volume 21, Issue 5 , May 2019, , Pages 1-5

Abstract
  Introduction: The association of chronic myeloproliferative neoplasia with urogenital cancer is rare (1.6% - 1.9%), with the death risk of 1.21 - 2.28 times higher in patients with solid cancer and chronic myeloproliferative disease.Case Presentation: We present the case of a patient diagnosed with triple-negative ...  Read More

Dose-related Effect of Radial Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (rESWT) on Lateral Epicondylitis in Active Patients: A Retrospective Comparative Study

Mehmet Arıcan; Yalçın Turhan; Zekeriya Okan Karaduman

Volume 21, Issue 5 , May 2019, , Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Background: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy is a noninvasive, safe, and well- tolerated treatment method which is increasingly used in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. However, the gold standard treatment protocol is still controversial.Objectives: This study aimed to investigate and compare ...  Read More

Correlation Between Serum Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein (COMP), 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D, and Disease Activity in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

Mohammad Reza Jafari Nakhjavani; Amir Ghorbanihaghjo; Ozra Dabagh Asadollahipour; Sima Abedi Azar; Tala Pourlak; Aida Malek Mahdavi

Volume 21, Issue 5 , May 2019, , Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Background: The role of vitamin D and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) in knee osteoarthritis (OA) still remains con- troversial.Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate serum COMP and 25-hydroxy vitamin D concentrations in patients with knee OA in com- parison to healthy individuals and to ...  Read More

Donations in the Great Flood of Iran, 2019: Strengths and Challenges

Mahmoudreza Peyravi; Ali Asghar Peyvandi; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh

Volume 21, Issue 5 , May 2019, , Pages 1-1

Abstract
  In the great flood of Iran, a wide range of donations was presented to the people affected by the flood as the signof altruism and philanthropy. The Red Crescent of the Is- lamic Republic of Iran was majorly responsible for man-aging the donated goods.  Read More

Assessment of Calcified Carotid Artery Plaques on Digital Panoramic Radiographs of Middle-aged and Older Asymptomatic Persons in a Turkish Subpopulation and Associated Risk Factors

Guldane Magat; Ali Riza Tuncdemir

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Background: Vascular calcifications caused by atherosclerosis are frequently observed, especially in aortic and carotid arteries, with large and elastic characteristics. Early detection of calcification in these arteries can play an important role in reducing the clinical pathologies where atherosclerosis ...  Read More

Mediastinal Cavernous Hemangioma Presenting as a Cardiophrenic Angle Mass: A Case Report and Literature Review

Xiaoguang Li; Yanning Li; Houyi Kang; Yi Mao; Qiang Ma; Rong Chen

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  Introduction: Mediastinal hemangiomas are uncommon benign vascular tumors. They are histologically classified into capillary, cavernous, and venous types, according to the size of their vascular spaces. Phleboliths, multiple enhanced vessels, and peripheral puddling of contrast enhancement are the typical ...  Read More

IL-8 and IL-23 Levels in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Patients with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Caused by Leishmania major: A Case-Control Study

Narges Khazaei; Elham Moghaddas; Seyed Abdolrahim Rezaee; Seyed Aliakbar Shamsian

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  Background: Several cytokines contribute to cutaneous leishmaniasis outcomes. IL-23 is a key cytokine in inflammation and a central cytokine in controlling Th17. IL-8, also known as a neutrophil chemotactic factor in the lesion site of cutaneous leishmaniasis, indicates disease promotion.Objectives: ...  Read More

In vitro and in vivo Assessment of Anti-Leishmanial Efficacy of Leaf, Fruit, and Fractions of Juniperus excelsa Against Axenic Amastigotes of Leishmania major and Topical Formulation in BALB/c Mice

Somayeh Mirzavand; Gholamreza Hatam; Mahmoodreza Moein; Mohammad M Zarshenas

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Background: Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by Leishmania protozoa. Iran is an endemic region for leishmaniasis and thus, many natural medicaments, such as Juniperus excelsa, are traditionally being used for the treatment of its cutaneous form.Objectives: The current study aimed at assessing ...  Read More

BK Virus Viremia in the First Days After Bone Marrow Transplantation: A Case-Control Study

Maysam Yousefi; Mojdeh Hakemi-Vala; Zahra Arab-Mazar; Banafsheh Hasanvand; Leila Mehrnia; Sayyad Khanizadeh

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-5

Abstract
  Background: Reactivation of BK virus (BKV), viremia is a major clinical complication in transplant recipients. There are many stud- ies of BKV infection among tissue transplant recipients, especially renal-transplant recipients. Although the presence of BKV in patients’ urine occurs frequently, ...  Read More

Reassessing the Risks of MMR Vaccination for Egg-Allergic Patients Referred by Healthcare Workers; a Clinical Paradigm

Ceren Can; Bahar Kural

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-5

Abstract
  Background: Egg allergy for the Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccine is still the cause of concern for many healthcare workers and families due to reactions such as anaphylaxis.Objectives: This study aimed to reassess the risk of MMR vaccination in infants with egg allergy referred by healthcare workers.Methods: ...  Read More

Trends of Major Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Iranian Population During Years 2001 - 2013: The Isfahan Cohort Study

Masoumeh Sadeghi; Kiyan Heshmat-Ghahdarijani; Nizal Sarrafzadegan; Mohammad Talaei; Minoo Dianatkhah; Mehrbod Vakhshoori; Hamidreza Roohafza

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-8

Abstract
  Background: Trends of major cardiovascular risk factors are less investigated in Middle-Eastern countries.Objectives: This study aimed to assess the trend of major cardiovascular risk factors among Iranian individuals.Methods: This Longitudinal population-based study was performed by multistage random ...  Read More

Prevalence and Predictors of Infant Mortality of Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Beijing and Jiangxi Provinces of PR China: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis

JingHua Luo; Jian Ming Yu; Jia Chen; Zhichun Feng; Qiuping Li

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-9

Abstract
  Background: Like any other countries, respiratory distress syndrome is a major cause of infantile mortality in China, especially in low birth weight infants.Objectives: The study aimed to determine the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome and identify some predictors of mortality in Chinese infants ...  Read More

Pyosalpinx in a Virgin Female Patient Misdiagnosed with Adnexal Torsion: A Case Report and Narrative Review

Seyyedeh Neda Kazemi; Maliheh Arab; Maryamossadat Hosseini; Shahla Noori Ardebili; Nasrin Yousefi

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-5

Abstract
  Introduction: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the upper genital tract often caused by ascending sexually trans- mitted infection. However, this condition is very rare in preadolescent and adolescent virgin females who are not sexually active.Pyosalpinx is a complication of PID and ...  Read More

The Relationship of Serum Heat Shock Protein 70 Antibody Levels with the Inflammatory Factors and Serum Uric Acid Levels in Hemodialysis Patients

Neda Haghighat; Majid Mohammadshahi; Shokouh Shayanpour

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  Background: Heat shock proteins are extracellular inflammatory intermediaries and intracellular cytoprotective molecules. De- spite many studies on intracellular HSP70, the clinical association between inflammatory biomarkers and extracellular HSP70 anti- body (anti-HSP70) levels is not well-studied.Objectives: ...  Read More

Antidepressant and Anxiolytic Effects of Geraniol in Mice: The Possible Role of Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis

Alireza Majdi; Seyed Hojjat Hosseini; Mehrdad Roozbeh; Alireza Mohammadi

Volume 21, Issue 6 , June 2019, , Pages 1-9

Abstract
  Background: Depression is a severe mental disorder. Current antidepressants are effective in only one-half to one-third of the patients. Besides, these medications might bring about adverse effects. Therefore, the need for newer anti-depressant medications or complementary compounds is utterly felt.Objectives: ...  Read More

Risk Factors for Migraine Attacks in Patients Undergoing Treatment for Hepatitis C

Razie Salesi; Asieh Salesi; Faraidoon Haghdoost; Seyed Moayed Alavian

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Migraine, defined as a recurrent unilateral pulsatile headache, which is usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting, phonophobia, and photophobia, is a major cause of chronic headaches. It has been ranked the eight most disabling disorder, and its prevalence is higher in females (17% vs. 6%) (1)  Read More

Saddle Nose Reconstruction with Bone Graft in Multiple Facial Fracture Patients

Amin Rahpeyma; Saeedeh Khajehahmadi

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Background: Saddle nose deformities mostly result from trauma. Most reports of saddle nose correction after trauma relate to isolated fractures, but in this article the experience of the authors is presented in relation to bone grafting for the correction of the saddle nose in multiple facial fracture ...  Read More

Effects of L-Carnitine Supplement on Serum Levels of Estrogen, Progesterone and Testosterone in Felines Following Ovariohysterectomy

Azin Tavakoli; Ramin Khodadoost; Leila Mohammadyar

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-4

Abstract
  Background: The benefits of the addition of L-carnitine to the diet of cats to control weight gain after the removal of their ovaries have been highlighted recently. It is also used in women after menopause. Whether its supplementation alters the sexual hormones is a concern.Objectives: The objective ...  Read More

Primary Ovarian Carcinoma Associated with Ovulation Induction: A Case Report

Zahra Asgari; Safoura Rouholamin; Reihaneh Hosseini; Afsaneh Tehranian

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-4

Abstract
  Introduction: The relationship between ovulation induction and ovarian cancer is an important issue in gynecology.Case Presentation: The studied patient was a 32-year-old G1P1 woman with abdominal pain who was diagnosed with a large ovarian cyst during ovulation induction, which could possibly raise ...  Read More

Management of Castor Bean Seed-Associated Intraventricular Hemorrhage with Fresh Frozen Plasma: A Case Report

Najmeh Hosseini; Leila Hosseini; Ali Noorafshan

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-4

Abstract
  Introduction: Castor bean seed is used to control some medical conditions including diabetes mellitus due to popular belief in its effectiveness. However it may cause severe poisoning in humans and animals and its components (ricin) might be used as a biological weapon. In the present case, a rare intra-ventricular ...  Read More

Effect of Six Months of Aerobic Exercise on Plasma Interleukin-6 and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha as Breast Cancer Risk Factors in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Azam Abdollahpour; Nasim Khosravi; Zohreh Eskandari; Shahpar Haghighat

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Background: Increased physical activity is associated with a reduction in the risk of breast cancer; however, the exact mechanism of the reduction is not yet completely known.Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effect of six months of aerobic exercise on the plasma interleukin (IL)-6 and ...  Read More

An Investigation of the Complex Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cytoplasmic Extract on Apoptosis in K562 Cells

Farzaneh Bonyadi; Vahid Nejati; Amir Tukmechi; Shapour Hasanzadeh; Aram Mokarizadeh

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-9

Abstract
  Background: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a common probiotic, can induce in vitro apoptosis in human cancer cells, which could explain its antitumor activity.Objectives: The present study was conducted to investigate the in vitro effects of a cytoplasmic extract from S. cerevisiae on the proliferation and ...  Read More

RNAi-Mediated Knockdown of Skp2 Inhibits Human Bladder Cancer Proliferation and Invasion in T24 Cells

Song-Tao Xu; Jun-ping xiong; Guo-Jian Gu; Song Meng; Yong-Chao Ma

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  Background: Skp2 (S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 is overexpressed in many kinds of cancers, and is related to the occurrence and development of tumors. The molecular mechanism of Skp2 in the regulation of bladder cancer cell biological behavior after Skp2 expression knockdown, however, has remained ...  Read More

Effect of an Empowerment Program on Self-Efficacy of Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Maryam Moein; Mohammad Aghajani; Neda Mirbagher Ajorpaz; Leila Khorasanifar

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Background: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that is spreading very quickly worldwide and is second in priority for investigation of chronic diseases. According to research, self-efficacy is low in diabetic patients.Objectives: This study analyzes the effect of empowerment programs on self-efficacy ...  Read More

The Effect of Weight Loss Program on Overweight and Obese Females Based on Protection Motivation Theory: A Randomized Control Trial

Kamal Mirkarimi; Firoozeh Mostafavi; Rahman Berdi Ozouni-Davaji; Samira Eshghinia; Mohammad Ali Vakili

Volume 19, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-10

Abstract
  Background: It is especially true that prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing worldwide and it is probably because of changes in diet and physical behavior pattern. Objectives: The current study aimed to test the effect of weight loss program on overweight and obese females based on protection ...  Read More