Cytomegalovirus End Organ Disease in Iranian HIV-1 Infected Patients with CD4+ Cell Counts Less Than 100 Cells/mm3

Mohammad Reza Jabbari; Hoorieh Soleimanjahi; Mahboubeh Hajiabdolbaghi; Mohammad Sarraf-Shirazi; Somayeh Shatizadeh Malekshahi

Volume 21, Issue 11 , November 2019, , Pages 1-5

  Background: Cytomegalovirus End-Organ Disease (CMV-EOD) is a seriously debilitating illness in patients with advanced HIV-1 in- fection, typically occurring with CD4+ cell counts of < 100 cells/mm3.Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of CMV-EOD in adult patients with advanced HIV-1 ...  Read More

Association of SNP rs17465637 with Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Chinese Han Population

Zhongyi Sun; Quanfang Chen; Zhou Huang; Dongling Huang; Tian Li; Fan Wang; Jun Li; Xuefeng Liu; Xiangtao Zeng; Qian Zeng; Guangxing Zhao; Haimei Yuan; Wei Wang

Volume 21, Issue 11 , November 2019, , Pages 1-10

  Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have recently shown that Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) rs17465637 on chromosome 1p41 is associated with atherothrombotic Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). However, whether rs17465637 acts as a protective factor or a risk factor for acute myocardial ...  Read More

Predictive Power of Unconjugated Estriol in Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes: A Cohort Study

Azam Amirian; Nourossadat Kariman; Mehdi Hedayati; Nasrin Borumandnia; Zohre Sheikhan

Volume 21, Issue 11 , November 2019, , Pages 1-7

  Background: Gestational diabetes is the most common antenatal medical complication that is associated with adverse short- and long-term maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes. Reducing maternal and fetal complications requires the early diagnosis of ges- tational diabetes. Unconjugated Estriol (UE) has ...  Read More

Effectiveness of Emotion-Focused Therapy in Reduction of Marital Violence and Improvement of Family Functioning: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Somayeh Shahmoradi; Hossein Keshavarz Afshar; Maryam Goudarzy; Masoud Gholam Ali Lavasani

Volume 21, Issue 11 , November 2019, , Pages 1-7

  Background: The rise in marital violence has led to growing concern about people with this condition. Emotion-focused Therapy (EFT) is one of the well-established treatments that consider both family interaction and emotion in the creation of secure attach- ment.Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate ...  Read More

Handgrip Strength and Mortality in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients

Maolu Tian; Yan Zha; Qian Li; Jing Yuan

Volume 21, Issue 11 , November 2019, , Pages 1-7

  Background: Muscle strength assessment is a convenient clinical test that has shown to correlate with the nutritional status of dialysis patients. Articles written in English to investigate the association between Handgrip Strength (HGS) and mortality in Main- tenance Hemodialysis (MHD) patients are ...  Read More

Transition of Health Financing, Cost Risk-Sharing and Risk-Pooling Models in the Health Sector: A Systematic Review (1990 - 2019)

Ali Ahangar; AliMohammad Ahmadi; AmirHossein Mozayani; Sajjad FarajiDizaji; Samaneh Safarani

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-16

  Context: Health expenditures in the world undergo increasing growth. According to the WHO Report (2000), health financing is one of the main functions of the health system that has a significant impact on its other functions.Objectives: The aim of this study is the systematic review of the changes and ...  Read More

Use of Charcoal Hemoperfusion and High-Flux Hemodialysis in Carbamazepine Intoxication: Two Case Reports

Sibel Yucel Kocak; Aysegul Kudu; Ceren Gumusel; Arzu Ozdemir Kayalar; Murvet Yilmaz

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-4

  Introduction: Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a drug used in the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Intoxication with CBZ is a serious condition that can result in coma, hemodynamic instability and death. Urgent management of CBZ intoxication is life saving and extracorporeal methods are used ...  Read More

Neuroprotection Effect of Quercetin on TNF-α Levels and Gene Expression of Caspase 3 in MPTP-Induced Male NMRI Mice

Neda Nikokalam Nazif; Maryam Khosravi; Ramesh Ahmadi; Maryam Bananej; Ahmad Majd

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-7

  Background: Parkinson’s disease is a progressive nervous system disorder caused by a degenerative loss of dopaminergic neurons of midbrain, from the substantia nigra to the corpus striatum pathway. Quercetin has a neuroprotective effect to prevent the greater loss of substantia nigra dopaminergic ...  Read More

The Effect of Gargling Cold Normal Saline in Comparison to Normal Saline Mixed with Honey on Postoperative Pain Relief in Tonsillectomy or Adenotonsillectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Hosnieh Raoufian; Ebrahim Nasiri; Reza Ghafari; Hoshang Akbari

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-8

  Objectives: The present study was conducted to compare the effect of gargling normal saline mixed with honey and cold normal saline on postoperative pain relief in children undergoing tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy during 2018.Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 105 children aged 5 - 14 ...  Read More

Primary Plasmacytoma of Thyroid Gland Diagnosed by FNA Cytology: A Case Report

Massood Hosseinzadeh; Sahand Mohammadzadeh

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-4

  Introduction: Extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMPs) can arise from organs other than bones. The majority of EMPs occur in the upper respiratory tract. The thyroid gland is a rare site for EMPs.Case Presentation: We report a case of primary plasmacytoma of the thyroid in a 42-year-old man who referred to ...  Read More

Effect of Adenosine Injection Following Cerebral Reperfusion Ischemia on A1AR Gene Expression and Apoptosis in Brain Hippocampal Tissue of Male Wistar Rats

Atossa Jozaei; Monireh Movahedi; Maryam Khosravi; Fereshteh Golab

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-8

  Background: Apoptosis is a programmed cell death that occurs due to various factors such as reperfusion ischemia. As a purinergic receptor, A1AR acts as an oxidative stress sensor and an antioxidant during reperfusion ischemia.Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect ...  Read More

Effect of Educational Intervention Based on Health-Promoting Self-Care Behaviors Model on Quality of Life, Resilience, and Sense of Coherence in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Victoria Momenabadi; Mohammad Hossein Kaveh; Nouzar Nakhaee; Kambiz Karimzadeh Shirazi; Maryam Dastoorpoor; Behnaz Sedighi

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-15

  Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive central nervous system disease that has an enormous effect on a patient’s quality of life due to physical complications and psychological problems.Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of self-care education program ...  Read More

Comparison of the Reliability of Sonographic Measurements of Diaphragm Thickness and Mobility in Individuals with and without Pelvic Girdle Pain

Keyvan Nassiri; Mohsen Abedi; Farideh Dehghan Manshadi; Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban; Maryam Heydarpour Meymeh

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-6

  Background: Various studies have reported that the pelvic girdle and lumbar spine are reflexively stabilized and braced prior to the initiation of extremity movements.Objectives: The present study aimed to assess the reliability of the diaphragm muscle thickness and excursion measured by reha- bilitative ...  Read More

A Successfully Managed Case of Corneal Bee Sting: A Case Report and Literature Review

Xin-Xuan Dai; Ji-Long Hao; Dan-Dan Zhou; Si-Ying Teng; Peng Hui; Cheng-Wei Lu

Volume 21, Issue 12 , December 2019, , Pages 1-4

  Introduction: Bee sting to the cornea is a relatively rare environmental injury that can result in vision loss of different degrees. This study aimed to review the clinical features, pathogenesis, and management of keratopathy caused by corneal bee sting and present a case of keratitis with hypopyon ...  Read More

The Effects of Rifampicin on Experimental Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats

Erhan Arslan; Mehmet Selim Gel; Selim Demir; Elif Acar Arslan; Müge Ko¸sucu; Süleyman Caner Karahan

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-8

  Background: Ischemic brain damage can be explained by the emergence of acute focal or global neurological findings caused by vascular occlusions or hemorrhages. Even in non-fatal cases, stroke is an important pathologic condition with a severe impact on the quality of life, and patients require considerable ...  Read More

Effect of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on Anxiety and Quality of Life During Pregnancy: A Mental Health Clinical Trial Study

Katayon Vakilian; Fahimeh Zarei; Abed Majidi

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-11

  Background: Pregnancy is a major event in a woman’s life that is associated with conflicting emotions, joy, and anxiety.Objectives: The present study was conducted to assess the effect of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on women’s anxiety and quality of life during pregnancy.Methods: ...  Read More

Evaluation of pap and sfa Genes Relative Frequency P and S Fimbriae Encoding of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Isolated from Hospitals and Medical Laboratories; Yasuj City, Southwest Iran

Mostafa Boroumand; Asghar Sharifi; Leila Manzouri; Seyed Sajjad Khoramrooz; Seyed Abdolmajid Khosravani

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-8

  Background: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the common infections worldwide. Escherichia coli is the most common bac- teria causing UTI.Objectives: The current study aimed at investigating the susceptibility pattern, biofilm formation, and the relationship between pap and sfa virulence genes ...  Read More

Modulating Neuronal Networks to Enhance Postural Control: A Review of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Approach

Fariba Yadolahi; Mohammad Mohsen Roostayi; Minoo Khalkhali-Zavieh; Abbas Rahimi; Masoud Mehrpour

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-7

  Context: Postural stability is essential for performing everyday activities. The central nervous system (CNS) must modify balance control to provide stability to intrinsic and external perturbations. Methods considered as the main candidates for ultimate pro- motion of neural plasticity could be used ...  Read More

The Effect of Combination Therapy (Thermal Therapy and Oxymel) on Insulin Resistance and Langerhans Islands in Diabetic Rats

Zahra Sarbaz Hoseini; Mahdi Alizadeh Vaghasloo; Shima Ababzadeh; Hamid Heidari; Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi; Azam Khalaj; Majid Asghari

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-8

  Background: Although thermal therapy is recently suggested as a safe promising adjuvant therapy for insulin resistance and dia- betes, its combination with oxymel has been claimed more effective by Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM).Objectives: This study was to examine the effect of thermal therapy ...  Read More

Comparative Histopathological Evaluation of Platelet-Rich Plasma Injection and Autologous Blood Injection to Temporomandibular Joint: A Pilot Experimental Study

U ˘gur Gül¸ sen; Mehmet Fatih ¸ Sentürk; Mehmet Emre Yurttutan; Elif Aslı Gül¸sen; Pınar Bayram; Derya Özdemir; Esra Erdemli

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-6

  Background: Chronic recurrent TMJ dislocation adversely affects patients’ lives. Various surgical and non-surgical methods have been used for treating recurrent TMJ dislocation. Some non-surgical methods include physiotherapy, occlusal splint, and avoidance of activities causing large-mouth- opening, ...  Read More

Genetic Variation of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis in North of Iran; the Golestan Province

Maya Babai Kochkaksaraei; Hami Kaboosi; Ezzat Allah Ghaemi

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-9

  Background: Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tub) is an essential step for several purposes, including the epidemi- ological studies and the tuberculosis (TB) control programs. Golestan province in the Southeast of the Caspian Sea is the second Iranian high burden TB province.Objectives: This ...  Read More

Scabies Among High School Students in Accra, Ghana: Risk Factors and Health Literacy

Masood Maleki Birjandi; Mahbobeh Oroei; Seyed Naser Emadi; Ali Asghar Peyvandi; Abraham Kwabena Anang

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-8

  Background: Scabies is one of the most common itchy dermatoses in school students. The scabies incidence is dependent on per- sonal hygiene and social factors.Objectives: This study aimed to determine the scabies prevalence and health literacy among high school students.Methods: This cross-sectional ...  Read More

Child-Friendly Humanitarian Logistics in Natural Disasters: A Letter to the Editor

Hamed Seddighi; Homeira Sajjadi; Ibrahim Salmani

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-2

  Natural disasters affect children’s health enormously with various examples studied globally (1). It is defined as“A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a so- ciety, leading to one or more of the following: human, material, economic and environmental losses, and impacts” ...  Read More

Twitching of the Pectineus Muscle Under Ultrasound-Guided Complete Obturator Nerve Block at the Inguinal Crease: A Case Report

Hee Yeon Park; Wol Seon Jung; Dong Chul Lee; Jong Cheol Park; Young Jin Chang; Mi Geum Lee

Volume 21, Issue 8 , August 2019, , Pages 1-4

  Introduction: This report showed that clinically significant adductor muscle contraction can be possible even when the anterior and posterior branches of the obturator nerve are completely blocked.Case Presentation: A 66-year-old male patient visited Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, ...  Read More

Curcumin Improves the Efficacy of BMSCs in Myocardial Ischemia Injury in Rat

Masoumeh Zirak Javanmard; Mehdi Rahnavard; Hamid Soraya; Mojtaba Karimipour

Volume 21, Issue 9 , September 2019, , Pages 1-9

  Background: Myocardial infarction can be associated with irreversal myocardial ischemia and the necrosis of the affected site of the heart. Curcumin has a protective effect on Myocardial Ischemia.Objectives: Our study aimed to combine a regenerative medicine with a traditional antioxidant effects as ...  Read More