Effect of a Designed Compact Food Bar on Maximal Oxygen Uptake (VO2Max) and Exercise Performance in Military Athletes: A Randomized, Single-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

Vahid Hadi; Majid Ghayour Mobarhan; Golnaz Ranjbar; Mohamad Ali Sardar; Arasb Dabbagh Moghaddam; Mohsen Nematy; Reza Rezvani; Naseh Pahlavani; Saeid Hadi; Abdolreza Norouzy; Mostafa Mazaheri Tehrani

Volume 22, Issue 3 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Under difficult conditions, the military need high-energy macronutrients and micronutrients during intense physical activities in order to achieve optimal fitness levels. Objectives: This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the effects of a designed compact food bar (CFB) ...  Read More

Effect of the Amount of Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cells on Survival and Engraftment in Multiple Myeloma

Hikmettullah Batgi; Mehmet Sinan Dal; Dicle İskender; Jale Yıldız; Bahar Uncu Ulu; Mehmet Bakırtaş; Semih Başcı; Fevzi Altunta?; Nurgul Ozcan; Merih Kızıl Çakar; Tuğçe Nur Yiğenoğlu; Fevzi Altuntaş

Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is currently a gold standard treatment for eligible multiple myeloma (MM) patients. The recommended dose of CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) for adequate engraftment is above 2 x 106 cells/kg.Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the ...  Read More

Effect of Lipid Abnormality on CKD Progression from Moderate to Severe Stage: Application of Flexible Parametric Proportional-Hazards and Proportional-Odds Models

Ali Ashraf Mozafari; Mohammad Ali Mansournia; Kourosh Sayehmiri; Bahareh Ghiasi; Mehdi Yaseri; Golnaz Azami

Volume 22, Issue 7 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Lipid disorders are a well-documented risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the impact of lipid abnormal- ities in the progression of the disease remains mixed. Objectives: The current study aimed to extend the existing knowledge about the effect of lipid disorders in disease ...  Read More

Incidence, Age-Specific, and Regional Distribution of Myocardial Infarction in Zanjan Province, Iran, during 2014-2019

Mohsen Soleimani; Ahmad Jalilvand; Roghayeh Soleimani; Koorosh Kamali

Volume 23, Issue 8 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Myocardial Infarction (MI) is one of the most important cardiovascular diseases and the leading cause of 39% of deaths in Iran. Due to the different geographical diversity in Zanjan province, Iran, this study aimed to investigate the incidence, age-specific, and regional distribution of myocardial ...  Read More

Value Of High-Resolution Computed Tomography in the Differential Diagnosis of Imported COVID-19 and Seasonal Influenza Pneumonia

Yuange Li; Shiliang Long; Yue Zhao; Zhan Ge; Weiquan Wu; Jun Xia

Volume 22, Issue 9 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Nowadays, the world is facing COVID-19 pandemic, and seasonal influenza is also sweeping the world. Therefore, it is essential to make an early differential diagnosis between imported COVID-19 and seasonal influenza pneumonia. Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the diagnostic ...  Read More

Comparison of Gadovist and Magnevist in Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Multiple Sclerosis Patients with an Acute Attack

Hassan Hashemi; Hossein Ghanaati; Somayeh Behzadi; Mohammad Hossein Harirchian; Ghazaleh Amjad; Madjid Shakiba; Nafiseh Ghavami; Hamed Naghibi; Kavous Firouznia

Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The use of an appropriate contrast agent performs a major role in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Objectives: The present study aimed to make a comparison between the diagnostic values of Gadovist and Magnevist considering the successive imaging ...  Read More

Correlations of PD-1/PD-L1 Gene Polymorphisms with Susceptibility and Prognosis in Non-Hodgkin?s Lymphoma among Iranian Populatio

hosnie hoseini; Parichehreh Yaghmaei; Gholamreza Bahari; Saeed Aminzadeh

Volume 22, Issue 11 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: The activities of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) have already been identified in various cancers. However, in non-Hodgkin?s lymphoma (NHL), the prognostic value of PD-1/PD-L1 gene polymorphisms and expression levels remains unclear. Objectives: The present ...  Read More

Evaluation of Training Program for Nursing Students on Testicular Cancer and Testicular Self-Examination

Selen OZAKAR AKCA; Tugba CENGIZ; Dilara AYDIN; Simge DIKER; Tugba OZDEMIR

Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Testicular self-examination (TSE) is one of the most effective ways for the early detection of testicular cancer. The Medical Association and American Urological Association recommend raising the awareness of TSE and educating the public in this regard for early diagnosis. Objectives: The ...  Read More

Assessment of reliability and validity of the mental chronometry task based on the box and block test in multiple sclerosis patients

Maryam Rezaeian; Zahra Assadollahi; Hossien Azin; Ayat Kaeidi; Mahdieh Azin

Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2021

Abstract
  Objectives:  Motor imagery (MI) is the visualization of action without its overt performance.  One of the measures of explicit MI is mental chronometry which  has  been  applied  to  multiple sclerosis (MS)  patients; nonetheless,   the  reliability  ...  Read More

Analyzing the Early CT findings and Clinical Features of 12 Patients with 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in China

Xianwu Xia; Liang Sheng; Tiejun Yang; Guobing Zhang; Li Ding; Jianmin Shen; Jihong Feng

Volume 22, Issue 4 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Regarding the outbreak of highly contagious the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in various countries and regions, data have been needed on the early chest CT images and clinical characteristics of the affected patients. Objectives: To explore the early clinical and computed ...  Read More

Designing and Psychometric Evaluation of a Questionnaire for Health Needs of Hepatitis B Affected Women: A Mixed Method Study in Reproductive Health Domain

Shiva Khayatimotlagh; Elham Ebrahimi; Seyed Moayed Alavian; Maryam Hassani; Masud Yunesian; Afsaneh Keramat; Marjan Hassani; Nahid Bolbolhaghighi

Volume 22, Issue 2 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Hepatitis B is a problematic condition which can affect both patients and health systems. The fetus health effect, transmissibility of infection, disease screening during pregnancy and confronting the disease during pregnancy as a new diagnosis case have made this disease close to the ...  Read More

A comparison of the antidotal effects of three oximes against an organophosphate on chick skeletal muscle

Gholamreza Reza Poorheidari; Mahdi Mashhadi Akbar Boojar

Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: One of the most toxic effects of organophosphorus poisoning (OP) is the paralysis of skeletal muscles. The oximes are a group of available antidotes. This study investigated the effects of different concentrations of paraoxon on the function of skeletal muscle and reversal or prevention of ...  Read More

Establishing Calendar for Health Observatories Studies: Islamic Republic of Irans Experience

Hossein Mirzaei; Behzad Damari

Volume 22, Issue 3 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Health survey is one of the important and valuable methods in producing health indicators and has become a part of health information system. Health surveys planned and performed properly can be used in assessing population health, policy-making, planning, health monitoring, evaluating, ...  Read More

The Epidemiology of Limb Fractures in Children Admitted to an Emergency Department in Western Iran

Elham Shafiei; Arash Nademi; Ali Ashraf Mozafari; Elham Bastani; Taleb Kokhazadeh; Kosar Yousefi; Ali Sahebi

Volume 22, Issue 7 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: The incidence of limb fractures in children depends on environmental factors and socioeconomic backgrounds. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of limb fractures in 1 to 15-year-old children in Ilam City, Iran. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled all children ...  Read More

Effects of a Few Minutes of Abdominal Drawing-in Maneuver on Balance Test Results

Shahram Mohaghegh; Maryam Hajian

Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2021

Abstract
  Introduction: The abdominal draw-in maneuver (ADIM) has been suggested to enhance core stability through the improvement of lumbopelvic stability. Although the effect of ADIM and core muscle activation on some biomechanical parameters has been studied, the effect of exercising a few minutes of this maneuver ...  Read More

Difference in Relative Telomere Length Between Sudanese and Chinese Individuals

Abdelhakam Tamomh; Hui Liu

Volume 22, Issue 9 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Racial/ethnic variations in the relative telomere length have been clearly described or infrequently studied. The relative telomere length has emerged as a biological aging marker; however, the difference in the telomere length between Sudanese and Chinese individuals is unclear. Objectives: ...  Read More

Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Meta-Worry and Neuropsychological Functions among Patients with Depression

Mahboobeh Majdi; Maryam Bakhtiyari; Reza Rostami; Abbas Masjedi Arani; Mohsen Saberi

Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is recommended as an effective treatment for both major depressive disorder (MDD) and treatment-resistant depression. Objectives: According to the possible impact of rTMS on cognitive psychological characteristics, this study aimed to determine ...  Read More

Comparison of the Hearing Results of Total Ossicular Chain Autogenous Mastoid Cortical Bone Ossiculoplasty and Titanium Total Ossicular Replacement Prosthesis in Patients with Cholesteatoma

Mehmet Fatih Karakus; Kursat Murat Ozcan; Suleyman Emre Karakurt; Mustafa Colak; Fakih Cihat Eravci; Ali Riza Yagmur; Mehmet Ali Cetin; Haci Huseyin Dere

Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: No studies have investigated the results of ossicular chain reconstruction using mastoid cortical bone ossiculoplasty (MCBO) and titanium total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TiTORP) in Austin-Kartush Group D cholesteatoma patients with severe middle ear risk index (MERI). Objectives: ...  Read More

Prognostic factors of survival and comparison of surgically resected combined hepatocellular-cholangiocellular carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Yigit Duzkoylu; Mehmet Akif Ustuner; Nesrin Turhan; Erdal Birol Bostanci

Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2021

Abstract
  Background:  Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CC) are the most common primary malignancies of the liver. The combined form of these two tumors (i.e., cHC-CC) is a considerably rare type of liver cancer displaying both malignant components. Methods: In this research, 53 patients ...  Read More

Investigation of the Utility of Web-Based Videos About Varicose Veins

Zhoupeng Wu; Yukui Ma

Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2021

Abstract
  Background and Objectives: Very few investigations and studies have been conducted on the provided information about varicose veins in web-based media worldwide. The present study aimed to investigate the categorization, characteristics, scientificity, and accuracy of such videos uploaded to YouTube. Materials ...  Read More

Survival Following Road Traffic Accidents in a Level-I Trauma Center, Parametric versus Semi-Parametric Survival Models

Mahnaz Yadollahi; kazem Jamali; Forough Pazhuheian; Mahmood ali Nezam eftekhari

Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Simulation studies present an important statistical tool to investigate the performance, properties, and adequacy of statistical models in pre-specified situations. The proportional hazards model of survival analysis is one of the most important statistical models in medical studies. This ...  Read More

Assessment of Quality of Services Delivered to Iranian Patients with Cataract

Zahra Hashemi Dehaghi; Soad Mahfoozpour; Mahmoud Modiri; Fateme Alipour

Volume 22, Issue 3 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: The expansion of activities and performance areas of organizations and modern management issues imply that organizations are no longer satisfied with success in only a limited number of elements. Mathematical models, thus, were formed and gradually developed for assessing organizations ...  Read More

Evaluating the Effect of Planned Online Video Visitations on Anxiety and Depression of Patients at Open Heart Intensive Care Unit: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Hossein Shahdosti; Seyed Reza Mazlom; Saeed Vaghee; Shahram Amini

Volume 22, Issue 7 , 2020

Abstract
  Abstract   Background: Anxiety and depression are among the most important and common problems in patients admitted to the intensive care unit open-heart (ICU-OH). While the family plays a vital supportive role in decreasing these complications, patients are deprived of this supportive source ...  Read More

Clinical Characteristics of Patients Infected with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Iran: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Latif Panahi; Tofigh Yaghubi; Marzieh Amiri; Heydar ali Balou; Abolfazl Etebarian Khorasgani; somaye pouy

Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was introduced by the World Health Organization as a pandemic and emergency for human health. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of patients infected with COVID-19 in Guilan Province, Iran. Methods: This retrospective study was ...  Read More

Atrial Electromechanical Delay of Patients with COPD in Acute and Stable Periods

Gokhan Perincek; Sema Avci; Ferdi Kahraman

Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The increased level of the airway and systemic inflammation, worsened clinical symptoms, and impaired lung functions are regarded as the characteristics of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The COPD may cause right/left ventricle dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension, and cor pulmonale. ...  Read More