Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation as the First Manifestation of Coronavirus Disease: Report of a Survived Deadly Case

Arezoo Esmailzadeh; shahla Chaichian; Abolfazl Mehdizadehkashi; Kobra Tahermanesh; Samaneh Rokhgireh; Nastaran Khodakarim; Shima Ghafourian; Saeedeh Moslemi; Meisam Akhlaghdoust

Volume 22, Issue 8 , 2020

Abstract
  Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), newly emerging in the world as a pandemic disease, can have rare extrapulmonary manifestations. Few studies have reported coagulation disorders, induced by coronavirus; however, hemorrhage is an extremely rare and life-threatening phenomenon in COVID-19. Case ...  Read More

Effectiveness of Unified Protocols for Transdiagnostic Treatment in Emotion Regulation of Mothers and Anxiety of Children with Type I Diabetes

sogand Ghasemzadeh; zahra naghsh

Volume 22, Issue 11 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Type I diabetes (T1DT1D) is recognized as one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in children. It is accompanied by potentially  life-threatening complications which affect the mood, personality, and emotions of children and their families. Objectives: The present study aimed ...  Read More

Imaging Findings and Changes in Discharged Moderate Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Patients with Positive Nucleic Acid Retest

Junda Wang; Xin Deng; Xia Zhang; Xinping Zhu; Yongchun Ke; Jie Wang; Pan Zhou; Zhi Li

Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The clinical and imaging data from 52 patients with positive nucleic acid re-test during the normal NCP rehabilitation period were analyzed to compare the discharged and readmitted patients in terms of dynamic changes of computed tomography (CT) features. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate ...  Read More

Frailty Syndrome in Older Adults and Related Sociodemographic Factors in the North of Iran: A Population-Based Study

Fatemeh Talaee Boura; Simin Mouodi; Reza Ghadimi; Ali Bijani

Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The global incidence rate of frailty syndrome among older adults aged 60 years and over has been estimated to be 43.4 cases per 1000 persons/years. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of pre-frailty and frailty syndromes in community-dwelling older adults and assess ...  Read More

Clinical and Laboratory Factors Associated with Severe Disease Course in Turkish Patients with COVID-19 Infection

suleyman sayar; zeynep pelin polat; kamil ozdil

Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can have a wide clinical spectrum. Objectives: The current study aimed to analyze the clinical and laboratory risk factors of the severe course of disease in patients with COVID-19. Methods: Consecutive patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia ...  Read More

Combined Therapy Following Spinal Cord Injury: Synergistic Neuroprotective Effects of Ceftriaxone and N-acetylcysteine

Omid Salimi; Aliasghar Mohammadvand; Abbas Ebrahimi Kalan; Mohammad Charkhpour; Javad Mahmoudi; Bohlool Habibi Asl

Volume 22, Issue 4 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is one of the leading causes of severe neurological deficits worldwide. The pathophysiology of SCI includes a primary injury followed by a cascade of secondary biochemical and cellular changes. Current pharmacological options are limited for significant recovery ...  Read More

Design and Validation of Performance Evaluation Model of National Accreditation Schemes in Hospitals: A Mixed-Method Study

Seyed Payam Paymard; Leila Najafi; Esrafil Roshdi

Volume 23, Issue 7 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Performance evaluation of accreditation schemes can improve the quality of hospital accreditation significantly. An effective accreditation system is one that performs the accreditation process properly and achieves acceptable results. Objectives: This study aimed to design and validate the ...  Read More

A Predictive Model, Using Data Mining Approach for Clinical Decision-making: Value of Laboratory Tests in COVID-19 Hospitalized Patients

Atefeh Mousavi; Soheila Rezaei; Jamshid Salamzadeh; Ali Mirzazadeh; Farzad Peiravian; Nazila yousefi

Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Reports, mostly from high-income countries, have shown a wide range of symptoms, clinical profiles, and outcomes for patients diagnosed with COVID-19. However, little is known about these issues in developing countries. Objectives: This research used medical records in 15 hospitals in Tehran, ...  Read More

Health Promoting Behaviors (HPBs) and the Metabolic Indicators of Red Crescent Society Employees in Iran

Tayebeh Rakhshani; Zahra Sadat Asadi; Mahdi Akbarzadeh

Volume 22, Issue 2 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Disease patterns have changed from communicable to non-communicable diseases, which are the leading causes of mortality around the globe. Health-promoting behaviors (HPBs) could be effective in the prevention of disease and the development of metabolic syndrome. Objectives: The ...  Read More

The Prediction of COVID-19 Spread in Iran From 15 March to 15 April 2020

Babak Jamshidi; Mansour Rezaei; Farid Najafi; Azad Sheikhi

Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Over 150,000 confirmed cases, around 140 countries, and about 6,000 death occurred owing to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in China, Italy, Iran, and South Korea. Iran reported its first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Qom City on 19 February 2020 and has the third-highest ...  Read More

Effect of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Repair in Nicotine Model Rat: A Femoral Bone Diaphyseal Defect Study

Mahyar Riahi; Kazem Parivar; Javad Baharara; Reza Zandi

Volume 22, Issue 3 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: The major function of the bone in the skeletal system is to provide structural support to the body and its vital organs. Many patients suffer from the disability to restore bone lesions following bone fractures during crashes or accidents. The use of mesenchymal stem cells such as adipose-derived ...  Read More

Challenges of Health Services during Arbaeen Pilgrimage in 2019

Ahmad Soltani; Mahtab Aram; Farshid Alaeddini; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh

Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2021

Abstract
  Introduction: Arbaeen Pilgrimage is one of the worlds largest religious gatherings held in Iraq on the occasion of the 40th day of Imam Hussein martyrdom. The identification of the problems and challenges facing the Arbaeen Pilgrimage is of great help in holding this event safer in the future. The present ...  Read More

Analysis of the Risk Factors for the Recurrence of Ischemic Stroke with Diabetes Mellitus and Establishment of Coxs Regression Model and the Personal Prognosis Index in Two Years of Follow-Up

Ya-Chen An; Yu-Xun Wang; Yan-Ru Jiang; Yan-Zheng Li; Jing-Yu Feng; Song-Xin Shi; Jing-Jun Chen

Volume 22, Issue 7 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Ischemic stroke is a major cause of disability and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and diabetic stroke has a high recurrence rate. Objectives: This prospective cohort study aimed at investigating the risk factors and establishing Coxs regression model and per- ...  Read More

Assessment of longitudinal and cross-sectional effects of age on adult obesity in an Iranian population: results of a large population-based cohort study

Mahsa Rafiee Alhossaini; Anoshirvan Kazemnejad; Farid Zayeri; Masoumeh Sadeghi

Volume 23, Issue 6 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The risk of obesity commonly changes with age, which is a longitudinal (aging) effect. Moreover, the individuals who enter the study at the same age have similar living conditions that may influence their obesity risk in a particular way; this is a cross-sectional effect. Both cross-sectional ...  Read More

Effect of Delayed Admission to Intensive Care Units from the Emergency Department on the Mortality of Critically Ill Patients

Mehmet Suleyman Sabaz; Sinan Asar; Zafer Cukurova; Nagihan Sabaz; Halil Dog?an; Gokhan Sertcakacilar

Volume 22, Issue 6 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Increasing in emergency department need to critical care, the number of intensive care unit bed worldwide is inad- equate to meet these applies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of waiting for admission to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in the Emer- gency Department ...  Read More

Impact of Left Atrial Volume Index on Discrepancy in Mitral Valve Area Assessed by Two-Dimensional Planimetry and Three-Dimensional Multi-Planar Reconstruction Technique

Mehrnoush Toufan; Zahra Jabbary

Volume 23, Issue 8 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Mitral valve area (MVA) is technically measured using both two-dimensional (2D) planimetry and three-dimensional multiplanar reconstruction (3D-MPR) techniques; however, studies have always overestimated MVA using the former method. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the correlation between ...  Read More

Ability of Laboratory Findings upon Admission to Predict Lung Involvement and Its Severity in COVID-19 Patients Requiring Hospitalization

Yusuf Ata; Ahmet Kagan As; Mesut Engin; Nurcan Kacmaz Kat; Tirdad Setayeshi; Sad?k Ahmet Sunbul; Cuneyt Eris; Ufuk Ayd?n; Filiz Ata; Tamer Turk

Volume 23, Issue 10 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The struggle of humanity with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, which affected the whole world and caused severe social and health crises, continues without deceleration. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the abnormal laboratory parameters upon ...  Read More

Risk Factors for Mortality in Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study in Southwestern Iran

Alireza Ahmadi; Soroush Ardeshiri; Vahid Rajab Nezhadi; Aida Pajoohesh; Touba Narimani Moghadam; Mohamad Sabaghan; Jaffar Fatahi Asl; Javad Zarei; Kambiz Ahmadi Angali

Volume 23, Issue 9 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global health challenge with high transmission and mortality rates. Objectives: This study aimed to identify the risk factors for mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Behbahan, Southwestern of Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Survival and quality of hospital care for victims of car crashes in Western Azerbaijan, Iran

omid garkaz; Sahar Paryab; Hamid Reza Mehryar; Hamid Reza Khalkhali; Shaker Salari Lak

Volume 22, Issue 8 , 2020

Abstract
  Background and aim: Car crashes are among the prevalent incidents seriously threatening public health. This study aimed to assess the survival and quality of hospital care for patients of car accidents in Western Azerbaijan, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,697 trauma victims ...  Read More

Effect of two educational methods of lecturing and peer group on physical activity among 12-15-year-old students in health promoting schools

atefeh haghparast; Camelia Rohani; Parvaneh Vasli; Fatemeh Salmani; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh

Volume 22, Issue 10 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Attention to the increase of students' physical activity is one of the goals of Healthy People 2020. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of education on the students' physical activity by using two methods of lecturing and the peer group. Methods: In this quasi-experimental ...  Read More

Investigating the status of Health System Cooperation with City Councils and Municipalities in Iran (Documents Analysis)

najmeh khodadadi; aidin aryankhesal; MohammadReza Maleki

Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The existence of partnerships between the health system and other organizations, especially city councils and municipalities, which have inherent and legal duties in this regard, is of particular importance in the promotion of public health. Objectives: The present study aimed to assess ...  Read More

A Review of the Condition of OPD Patients in Arbaeen On-foot Pilgrimage in 2019

Leila Mohammadinia; Mehrab Sharifisadeh; Hadi Lashkari; Farid Moradian; Hamid choobineh

Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The annual religious ritual of Arbaeen is the global largest mass gathering of pilgrims from different countries participating in a mass movement on an 80-km pathway to visit the Shrine of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad. The provision of health care for such a mass ...  Read More

Assessment of Risk Factors for Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 among Iranian Patients

Seyedreza Mirsoleymani; Seyyed Mojtaba Nekooghadam; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh; Mahmoudreza Peyravi; Ahmad Soltani; Simintaj Sharififar; Rita Rezaee; Mahnaz Ahmadi; Hossein Akbarialiabad

Volume 22, Issue 9 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to a major concern for those who are more vulnerable to infections. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the most important risk factors for severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Methods: This retrospective study included information ...  Read More

Prediction Model for Disease Progression and Relevant Prognostic Factors in Hodgkin Patients: An Application of Frailty Multistate Model

Fatemeh Javanmardi; Fakher Rahim; Amal Saki Malehi; Ahmad Ahmadzadeh; Mohamad Seghatoleslami

Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: In clinical cancer studies, there has been a high tendency of searching for more specific and new prognostic factors in cancers in the last few years. This multistate study aimed to model the progression of Hodgkin's disease by accounting for individual effect (heterogeneity) using the joint ...  Read More

Designing and Psychometric Evaluation of Morbid Obesity Quality of life Questionnaire: A Mixed Methods Study

Negar Yazdani; Farkhondeh Sharif; Nasrin Elahi; Abbas Ebadi; Vahid Hosseini

Volume 22, Issue 11 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Morbid obesity negatively affects all aspects of quality of life (QOL); therefore, the assessment of QOL can be a useful criterion to evaluate obesity outcome. Objectives: The present study aimed to design a QOL questionnaire in morbid obesity and assess its validation features. Methods: ...  Read More