Relationship between Falling and Chronic Diseases in the Elderly: A Study Derived from Amirkola Health and Ageing Project

Seyed Reza Hosseini; Zahra Zohani; Ali Bijani MD; Farzan Kheyrkhah; Ali Zabihi

Volume 22, Issue 8 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Falling and chronic diseases are important health issues in elderly people and reduce the quality of life. Objectives: This study  aimed to investigate the relationship between chronic diseases and falling in the elderly people. Methods: This cross-sectional study came from the first ...  Read More

Changes of Occupational Noise-Induced Hearing Loss due to Working in the Steel Industry and Associated Effective Factors: Application of Bayesian Multivariate Multilevel Modeling using Skew Distribution

Abolfazl Nikpour; Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki

Volume 22, Issue 9 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: There have been a limited number of studies on the relationships between time and occupational and demographical variables with the mean changes of low-frequency hearing (LFH) and high-frequency hearing (HFH). Objectives: This study investigated the rate of occupational noise-induced ...  Read More

Methylation Status of miR-200b Promoter in Colorectal Polyp and Adenocarcinoma Tissues

Sanaz Savabkar; Shiva Irani; Masoud Alebouyeh; Reza Mirfakhraie; Ehsan Nazemalhosseini Mojarad; Mohammad reza Zali; Hamid Asadzadeh aghdaei

Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Aberrant DNA methylation is a common molecular feature in colorectal cancer (CRC). Hypermethylation of miR-200b promoter, as an epigenetic factor, is involved in CRC tumorigenesis. The methylation status of miR-200b has been examined in CRC and adjacent normal tissues.  Objectives: ...  Read More

Relationship between Duffy Antigen Receptor for Chemokines and Clinical Characteristics in Han People with Chronic Hepatitis C Infection in Dalian, China

Lin-Nan Shao; Shi-Hang Zhou; Ming Liu

Volume 22, Issue 10 , 2020

Abstract
  Background and Objectives: Most patients with untreated chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection develop hepatic fibrosis. Hepatic disease progression is monitored with hematological markers (alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST], albumin and platelet [PLT] count, AST/ALT ...  Read More

Transcriptional Expression of Bcl-2, Her2, VEGF, and hTERT in Caki-1 Human Renal Cancer Cells Modulated by Cornus mas Extract

Juan Ji; Shufen Hou; Yan Gao; Xinli Feng; Song Li

Volume 22, Issue 11 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Herbal medicines, particularly those rich in polyphenolic compounds, have been proposed to be chemotherapeutic factors, which can modulate several pathways associated with cancer. To gain mechanistic insights into the anti-proliferative impacts of Cornus mas extract (CME), this study investigated ...  Read More

Risk Factors Associated with Prognosis in Patients with Acute Stroke: A Retrospective Observational Study

Fardin Faraji; Pegah Mohaghegh; Hosein Rafiee Ravand; Javad Javaheri

Volume 22, Issue 12 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Stroke is one of the major causes of disability and mortality in Iran. Therefore, it is of critical importance to know the factors affecting the effective management of acute stroke for better prevention and treatment of stroke. Objectives: The present study aims at investigating the risk ...  Read More

Hazard Assessment of Iran Provinces based on the Health Ministry Tool in 2019

Ahmad Soltani; Farshid Alaedini; Navvab Shamspour; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh

Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Iran is a disaster-prone country, which is subjected to various hazards, such as floods, earthquakes, fire, and traffic accidents. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the priority and risk of various hazards threatening the public in different provinces of Iran in 2019. Methods: This ...  Read More

Effect of Melatonin on Reversing Multidrug Resistance by Targeting Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog in Leukemia Cancer Cells

Vahid Rameshknia; Moireh Movahhedi; Abbas Akhavan; Maryam Majidinia; Bahman Yousefi

Volume 23, Issue 7 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Recently, melatonin has attracted massive attention due to its anticancer effect on various human malignancies. It has also been demonstrated that melatonin is useful in combating resistance against conventional chemotherapeutics. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate melatonins effects ...  Read More

Combined-Modality Therapy for Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer in Endemic Region of Turkey: A Single-Center Multimodal Experience

hamit ba?aran; Deniz Arslan; Okan ozdemir; Menek?e Turna; Y?lmaz Ozdemir; Sibel Karaca; Asuman Onol Mirik

Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) is known as the most common cancer around the world. The evidence supports that preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) improves resectability and survival in locally advanced EC patients. Objectives: The current study aimed to evaluate the results of treatment in patients ...  Read More

Challenges of Nurses in the Caring Process of Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Iran: A Qualitative Study

Simintaj Sharififar; Maryam Moradi; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh

Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The illness caused by the novel coronavirus is an emerging disease, and for this reason, the international community is encountered with its unknown nature, such as clinical features, treatments, and long-term complications. Experience suggests that humans are affected by the psychological ...  Read More

The Effect of Hydro-Alcoholic Extract of Pumpkin Seeds on Estrogen Levels and Kidney Markers in Adult Female Rats

Samaneh Motamed Jahromi; Sadegh Niami Jahromi

Volume 22, Issue 4 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Pumpkin seeds are rich in phytoestrogens (estrogen precursors) and can be good alternatives to synthetic estrogen therapy, without exerting destructive effects on renal and ovarian tissues. Objectives: In the present study, the effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of pumpkin seeds ...  Read More

The Necessity of Health-Centered Research in Arbaeen Mass Gathering

Ahmad Soltani

Volume 22, Issue 1 , 2020

Abstract
  The Arbaeen Pilgrimage is one of the largest religious gatherings in the world, which is held on the 40th day of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the third Imam of Shia. According to the definition of the World Health Organization (WHO), mass gathering refers to a structured or spontaneous event held with ...  Read More

A Giant Mass in the Liver: Is It Always Bad to be Fat?

Donya Farrokh; Niloofar Nazeri

Volume 22, Issue 2 , 2020

Abstract
  Introduction: Hepatic lipomas are rare benign lesions of the liver with characteristic findings on imaging, which differentiate them from other more important tumors of the liver and prevent unessential invasive procedures. Case Presentation: A 62-year-old man with intense acute dyspnea referred ...  Read More

Effect of Educational Intervention Based on Health Belief Model on Prevention of Substance Abuse Among the Students of Khatam Al-Nabieen University in Afghanistan

Khanali Mohammadi; Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian

Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Addiction in Afghanistan, as the largest opium producer in the world, is relatively high, and limited studies have indicated that the youth, especially students are the majority of the addicted cases in this country. Objectives: This quasi-experimental study aimed at designing ...  Read More

Diagnostic Performance and Interobserver Variability of Radiologists in CT-Scan Interpretation of Cases Suspected of Acute Appendicitis

Hadi Ahmadi Amoli; Abbas Naeej; Neda Nilforoushan; Hossein Zabihi Mahmoudabadi; Ehsan Rahimpour; Amir Ashraf-Ganjouei

Volume 22, Issue 3 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Acute appendicitis is one the most common and sometimes life threatening conditions in the Emergency Department referrals. Since suspected cases of acute appendicitis require immediate diagnosis and proper intervention, the computed tomography (CT) scan becomes the most frequently used modality ...  Read More

Prehospital Assessment of Non-Traumatic Abdominal Pain

Mahmoudreza Peyravi; Eric Carlstrom; Per Ortenwal; Amir Khorram-Manesh

Volume 23, Issue 6 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Non-traumatic abdominal pain may have several causes and often needs physicians' consultation. In a pilot study, a template was used to assist ambulance nurses and technicians to assess this medical condition. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the use of the template and the outcome ...  Read More

Correlation between Serum Calcium and Cardiovascular Outcome among Patients Suffering From Acute Coronary Syndrome

Hong Wang; Jingwei Li; Fenghe Du; Junping Tian

Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: There have been no studies investigating the association of serum calcium level upon admission with long-term cardiovascular outcome among patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome (ACS).   Objectives: This study aimed to explore the correlation of serum calcium level upon admission ...  Read More

Spatial Analysis of Geographic Distribution and Accessibility of Suspected Acute Stroke Patients Transferred to Acute Stroke Centers by Emergency Medical Services in Tehran, Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study

Pir-Hossein Kolivand; Hassanali Faraji Sabokbar; Peyman Saberian; Mahdi Bahmanabadi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 22, Issue 7 , 2020

Abstract
  Objectives: We intended to map the geographical distribution of patients with acute stroke who called the Tehran EMS center based on the geographic information of the incident location on a map. The distributions of these centers and patients access within a standard period were evaluated. Methods: ...  Read More

The Influence of Organizational Culture on Resilience by Mediatory Effects of Occupational Stress, Job Satisfaction, and Burnout in Nurses: Structural Equation ModelingModeling

Habib Allah Aghaei; Zahra sadat Asadi

Volume 22, Issue 6 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Organizational culture is the most essential tool of an organization to increase the resilience of personnel in a health- care system. Promoting organizational culture is an effective factor in increasing job satisfaction and reducing psychological bur- den, and burnout in nurses. Objectives: ...  Read More

Impact of Time and Mechanical Ventilation on Convalescent Plasma in Severe/Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients

Hassan Abolghasemi; Abdol Majid Cheraghali; AbbasAli ImaniFooladi; Peyman Eshghi; Mokhtar Tazik; Nariman Sadri; Farzaneh BoloukiMoghaddam; Mohammad Rezapour; sina Imanizadeh; Matin Maeini Maleki; Mohammad Hosein Ranjkesh; Hoshyar Maghsoudi; Mahtab Maghsoodlu; NasimSadat HosseiniDivkolaye; Ramezan Jafari; Behzad Einollahi; Mohamad Nikpouraghdam; Zahra Soleimani; Ali Bahramifar; Hassan Goodarzi; Nematollah JoneidiJafari; Mojtaba Sepandi; Ali Ghazvini; Seyed Mohammad Javad Hoseini; Mohammad Hadi Radfar

Volume 23, Issue 9 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: Convalescent plasma (CP) transfusion is one of the suggested treatments for Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) especially in critically ill patients. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of CP transfusion were investigated in severe/critically ill COVID-19 ...  Read More

Being a Caregiver in the Palliative Care Unit in the Pandemic: Who Can Do It Better?

Ercument Ozturk; Zeynel Abidin Ozturk

Volume 23, Issue 8 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: During the Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, palliative care units and nursing homes became risky in terms of infection transmission. The measures that are taken in the general population have also been strictly applied for caregivers. However, to achieve success, the personal ...  Read More

Factors Affect?ng Sentinel Lymph Node Metastasis in Patients w?th Breast Cancer Undergo?ng Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy before or after Systemic Therapy

Mehmet Furkan Sagdic; Cemil Yuksel; Serdar Culcu; Bulent Aksel; Cihangir Ozaslan; Suat Kutun; Lutfi Dogan

Volume 23, Issue 10 , 2021

Abstract
  Background: The tendency to spread to sentinel lymph node (SLN) may differ depending on the biological, clinical, and histopathological features of tumors. If the factors that affect SLN metastasis (SLNM) are known, there may be no need to perform SLN biopsy (SLNB) in some groups. Objectives: This study ...  Read More

Prevalence of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection Among Hospitalized Neonates in Tehran, Iran

Samileh Noorbakhsh; Mohammad Farhadi; Farhad Rezaei; Hesamodin Emam Jomeh; Majid Farahmand; Faezeh Haghighi; Maryam Izadpanahi; Morteza Haghighi Hasanabad

Volume 22, Issue 10 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can vertically transmit from infected mothers to fetuses and causes congenital infection in newborns. Unfortunately, there have been limited data available on the prevalence of congenital CMV (cCMV) infection among Iranian neonates at higher risk of infection. Objectives: ...  Read More

A Scenario-based Modelling Study of the Prevention of Myocardial Infarction in Iran

Gisoo Alizadeh; Kamal Gholipour; Reza Dehnavieh; Mohamamd Asghari JafarAbadi; Mehrdad Azmin; Ahmad Khanijahani; Rahim Khodayari-Zarnaq

Volume 22, Issue 9 , 2020

Abstract
  Background and Objectives: Globally, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one cause of mortality. In this regard, this study aimed to provide policies for the management of CVD by focusing on the reduction of myocardial infarction (MI) mortality rate in Iran. Materials and Methods: The sequential ...  Read More

Psychosocial determinants of self-care behavior in outpatients with heart failure: A test of Pender?s health promotion model

Rasoul Heshmati; Mahasti Alizadeh; Solmaz Javadpour; Nilufar Alizada

Volume 22, Issue 12 , 2020

Abstract
  Background: Patients with heart failure need to be engaged in adequate cardiac self-care behaviors helping to prevent the development of the disease and ameliorate their health status. However, the conceptual model of the present study has not been tested in previous studies among patients with heart ...  Read More