Auditing the Accuracy of Medical Diagnostic Coding based on International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision

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Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
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Keywords

Coding accuracy
Coding Audit
Coding quality
ICD-0
Medical diagnosis

How to Cite

Mirhashemi, S. H., Ramezanghorbani, N., Asadi, F., & Hajiabedin Rangraz, M. (2020). Auditing the Accuracy of Medical Diagnostic Coding based on International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision . Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 22(9). https://doi.org/10.32592/ircmj.2020.22.9.99

Abstract

Background: Medical diagnostic coding is used for the ease of retrieval and accuracy of medical information classification in health information systems. This information is the main source of decision making for health managers and policymakers in planning, epidemiological, and medical research at different levels.

Objectives: The present study aimed to audit the accuracy of the ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision) medical diagnosis code.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 692 hospitalized cases in 9 educational centers affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in the first half of 2020. The content validity of the checklist was determined in this study, and the obtained data were analyzed in SPSS software using descriptive statistics.

Results: The average accuracy of coding for the main medical diagnoses across all subjects was 70%, signifying that 30% of medical records contain coding errors. The highest and least accuracy values of diagnostic coding were 80% and 47%, respectively. The application of standard abbreviations and file legibility were recognized as variables affecting code accuracy. The highest precision percentage of codes attributed to other medical diagnoses, including ICD-10-based comorbidity and complication, was in 84%-85% of the participants.

Conclusion: Given the importance of all-encompassing coding in retrieving medical information, research, and macro-health policymaking, the coding accuracy audit must be conducted on a regular basis. The interaction between coders and healthcare providers, coders' training, and improving the documentation process exerts a significant impact on the enhancement of coding accuracy.

https://doi.org/10.32592/ircmj.2020.22.9.99
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