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Prevalence of Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infections due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus in Amirkola Children’s hospital, Northern Iran

AUTHORS

Rahim Barari Sawadkohi 1 , * , I Mohammadzade 2 , A Mohammadpour-Mir 1 , M poor nasrollah 3 , M Valipour 4 , F Hosseinzadeh 5

1 Pediatric infectious disease specialist, Infectious Diseases Research Center, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran

2 Allergy and immunology specialist, Non- Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Amirkola Children’s Hospital, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran

3 Pathologist, Non-Communicable pediatric diseases research center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

4 General physician, Babol University of medical sciences, Babol, Iran

5 Midwife, Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Amirkola Children’s Hospital, Babol University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran

How to Cite: Barari Sawadkohi R, Mohammadzade I, Mohammadpour-Mir A, poor nasrollah M, Valipour M, et al. Prevalence of Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infections due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus in Amirkola Children’s hospital, Northern Iran, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2012 ; 14(10):e95969.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 14 (10); e95969
Published Online: October 30, 2012
Article Type: Letter
Received: July 03, 2019
Accepted: October 30, 2012

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Abstract

Dear Editor

 

Acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRIs) are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in younger children accounting for 33-50% of mortalities in children less than 5 years of age, mostly in underdeveloped countries. Viruses are the most frequent causes of ALRIs and responsible for a considerable percentage of childhood deaths. The most important viruses are respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza virus type A and B, parainfluenza virus 1-3 and adenovirus.1 Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV), a genus Pneumovirus from Paramyxoviridae family, is the most common cause of respiratory infection in children specially younger than 6 months3,4, and is considered to be the most important cause of viral bronchiolitis in young children.5 RSV has seasonal distribution patterns as viruses circulate in winter and spring months with recurrent epidemics occurring in winter.6 Also, RSV is known as a major causative agent of acute wheezing in children and RSV bronchiolitis in early childhood which leads to high rates of hospitalization. It is strongly associated with development of asthma, later in life.7,8 Severe lower respiratory syndromes associated with RSV infection include pneumonia and bronchiolitis. Pneumonia is the leading cause of childhood mortality among children aged 5 years in all regions of the world, responsible for an estimated 19% of all deaths in this age group.9 The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of RSV-associated ALRI in children younger than 4 years hospitalized in Amirkola Children’s hospital affiliated to Babol University of medical sciences, northern Iran, since March 2008-2010. This was a cross sectional descriptive-analytic study and 180 children aged <4 years admitted with clinical evidence of ALRIs were enrolled.

Keywords

Respiratory Tract Infections

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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