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The Effect of an intervention based on the PRECEDE- PROCEED Model on preventive behaviors of domestic violence among Iranian high school girls

AUTHORS

Yalda Soleiman Ekhtiari 1 , Davoud Shojaeizadeh 1 , * , Abbas Rahimi Foroushani 2 , Fazlollah Ghofranipour 3

1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, shojaei@tums.ac.ir, Iran

2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Department of Health Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran

How to Cite: Soleiman Ekhtiari Y , Shojaeizadeh D, Rahimi Foroushani A , Ghofranipour F . The Effect of an intervention based on the PRECEDE- PROCEED Model on preventive behaviors of domestic violence among Iranian high school girls, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 15(1):21- 8. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.3517.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 15 (1); 21- 8
Published Online: January 4, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 13, 2011
Accepted: May 27, 2012
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Abstract

Background: Domestic violence is one of the major health problems among women. Promoting preventive behaviors of domestic violence among women and girls can play crucial role in reducing this health problem.

Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of an intervention based on PRECEDE-PROCEED Model on preventive behaviors of domestic violence among Iranian high school girls.

Patients and Methods: An interventional study was completed during 2010-2011 in 10 high schools in the district 17 of Tehran municipality with 510 female students. We used the components of the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model for planning, implementation and evaluation of the program. Based on the results of need assessment, an appropriate environmental and educational intervention was implemented in the intervention group. Changes in predisposing, reinforcing, enabling factors and especially preventive behaviors immediately and two months after the intervention activities were assessed by questionnaires based on PRECEDE-PROCEED Model.

Results: The intervention had significantly positive effect on predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors immediately and two months after the intervention (P < 0.05). Repeated measures Analysis of variance showed a significant positive increase in preventive behaviors score in the intervention group from baseline to two months.

Conclusions: The PRECEDE-PROCEED Model can be applied as a conceptual framework for identifying the relevant behavioral and environmental risk factors associated with domestic violence. Development and implementation the skills-based education using this model can lead to the promotion of preventive behaviors of domestic violence and reduction in domestic violence cases.

Keywords

Domestic Violence Health Education Health Promotion Iran

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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