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Environmental and Population Studies Concerning Exposure to Pesticides in Iran: A Comprehensive Review

AUTHORS

Sara Mostafalou 1 , Somayyeh Karami-Mohajeri 2 , Mohammad Abdollahi 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

2 Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran

How to Cite: Mostafalou S, Karami-Mohajeri S, Abdollahi M. Environmental and Population Studies Concerning Exposure to Pesticides in Iran: A Comprehensive Review, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 15(12):13896. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.13896.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 15 (12); 13896
Published Online: December 4, 2013
Article Type: Review Article
Received: July 27, 2013
Accepted: October 26, 2013
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Abstract

Pesticides are widely used in Iranian agriculture and this has made a major toxicological concern among health professionals. The objective of this study is to explore national data about pesticides toxicity. All relevant databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus in a time period of 1960 to 2012 were searched for the keywords Pesticides, Iran, Environment, and Population studies. A total of 57 studies were found relevant and then included into study. Almost all non-experimental studies carried out in Iran were classified into two main categories of residue assessment in different samples and toxic effects on human. Depending on the dose and duration of exposure, toxic effects of pesticides have been studied in two classifications including acute toxicity or acute poisoning and chronic toxicity. High extent of pesticides have been used during the past decade in Iran while no enough proper studies were done to explore their possible toxic effects in the environment and the people.

Keywords

Pesticides Iran Environmental Population

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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