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Occupational Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids among Health Care Workers in Teaching Hospitals in Tehran, Iran

AUTHORS

Sh Shokuhi ORCID 1 , * , L Gachkar 2 , I Alavi-Darazam 2 , P Yuhanaee 2 , M Sajadi 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Infectious Disease, Loghman Hospital, Kamali Ave., Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, ilad13@yahoo.com, Iran

2 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center (IDTMRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, USA

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 14 (7); 402-407
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 10, 2012
Accepted: February 20, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Health care workers (HCWs) are vulnerable populations for infection with blood borne pathogens. This study was conducted to determine occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among HCWs in teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran.

 

Methods: A self- structures questionnaire was used to study 650 HCWs during 2006 -2007 in some teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran.

 

Results: occupational exposure to blood and body fluids to blood and body fluids of patients was noticed in 53.4%. Recapping was the most common cause of niddle stick injuries (26.5%) and 19.9% of HCWs with a history of needlestick or mucosal exposure had sought medical advice from a specialist, 79.4% of these visited a doctor in the first 24 hours after exposure. Twenty percent of people with a history of needlestick or mucosal exposure to human immune deficiency virus positive (HIV+) patients received post-exposure prophylaxis and 46.7% tested themselves for seroconversion. 25.8% of HCWs with a history of needlestick or mucosal exposure with HBsAg+ patients received hepatitis B immunoglobuline (HBIG), all of these had received it in the first 72 hours after exposure. History of vaccination, and reassurance about the effective serum antibody titer was the most frequent reason mentioned in case the individuals did not receive HBIG (56.5%).

 

Conclusion: There is a need for further research to investigate why many HCWs do not take prophylactic and essential actions after needle stick or mucosal exposure to body fluids of infected patients.

Keywords

Needlestick injuries Health care workers Blood borne pathogens

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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