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Major Dietary Patterns among Female Adolescent Girls of Talaat Intelligent Guidance School, Tabriz, Iran

AUTHORS

M Alizadeh 1 , J Mohtadinia 2 , B Pourghasem-Gargari 2 , A Esmaillzadeh 3 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Center for Food Sciences and Nutrition,Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Iran

2 Department of Food Science and Technology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, PO Box: 81745, esmaillzadeh@hlth.mui.ac.ir, Iran

How to Cite: Alizadeh M, Mohtadinia J, Pourghasem-Gargari B, Esmaillzadeh A. Major Dietary Patterns among Female Adolescent Girls of Talaat Intelligent Guidance School, Tabriz, Iran, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 14(7):436-441.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 14 (7); 436-441
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: October 10, 2011
Accepted: January 12, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Increasingly nutritional experts express the necessity of research on dietary patterns to identify numerous modifiable risk factors of disease. This study was conducted to identify major dietary patterns among adolescent girls in Talaat intelligent guidance school, Tabriz, Iran.

 

Methods: Among 257 adolescent girls aged 11-15 years, usual dietary intakes were assessed using a 162-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Factor analysis was used to identify major dietary patterns in this Turkish population.

 

Results: We identified 6 major dietary patterns: (1) Western pattern high in pizza, meats and fruit juice; (2) Sweat junk foods pattern high in dried fruits, jams, honey and sugar; (3) Asian pattern high in legumes, potato and other vegetables; (4) Salty junk foods pattern high in carrot, puffs and potato chips and (6) Iranian traditional dietary pattern high in hydrogenated fats, garlic and broth.

 

Conclusion: Our findings suggested that among the 6 major dietary patterns, Asian-like food was the healthiest one.

Keywords

Dietary patterns Factor analysis Adolescents Girls Dietary intake

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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