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Alcohol and Drug Use Prevalence and Factors Associated With the Experience of Alcohol Use in Iranian Adolescents

AUTHORS

Azam Baheiraei 2 , Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi 3 , * , Mohammad Reza Mohammadi 4 , Saharnaz Nedjat 5 , Eesa Mohammadi 6

2 Center for Community-Based Participatory Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Department of Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran

4 Department of psychiatric, Psychiatry and Psychology Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

5 School of Public Health, Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

6 Department of Nursing, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Baheiraei A, Hamzehgardeshi Z, Mohammadi M R, Nedjat S, Mohammadi E. Alcohol and Drug Use Prevalence and Factors Associated With the Experience of Alcohol Use in Iranian Adolescents, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 15(3):212-217. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.4022.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 15 (3); 212-217
Published Online: March 4, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 28, 2011
Accepted: January 7, 2013
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Abstract

Background: Alcohol and other drugs use is a problem among adolescents leading to numerous physical, social, and educational damages.

Objective: For determining the prevalence of alcohol and other substance use as well as the factors associated with the experience of alcohol use in adolescents.

Patients and Methods: This is a population-based and cross-sectional study, which was conducted in August 2010 on adolescents aged 1518 years in Tehran. Data were collected by a Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) in 1,201 adolescents. The multistage cluster sampling method was used. Questions belonging to the domain of alcohol and other substance use were analyzed.

Results: In general, 15.1% of adolescents had experienced alcohol, which is significantly higher in boys (21.9%) compared to girls (8.4%) (P = 0.000). 3.1% of adolescents had experience using opium and marijuana. 5.6% had used ecstasy. The results of multivariate logistic regression indicated that low parental control rather than medium control [AOR: 0.09], lifetime cigarette use [AOR: 10.41], having a tobacco user friend [AOR: 4.36], and having an alcohol user friend [AOR: 5.84] are factors that are significantly related to the experience of alcohol use in female adolescents. In addition, studying in private schools rather than public schools [AOR: 3.46], lifetime cigarette use [AOR: 3.41], lifetime water pipe use [AOR: 4.43], experience of sexual activity [AOR: 8.52], having an alcohol user friend [AOR: 12.60], and having a water pipe user in family [AOR: 2.98] are factors that are significantly related to the experience of alcohol use in male adolescents.

Conclusions: We recommend interventional plans based gender aimed at improving adolescent health with regard substance abuse.

Keywords

Alcohol Drinking Prevalence Adolescent Iran

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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