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Characteristics of Civil Defense Search and Rescue Units, Turkey, 2008-2009

AUTHORS

S Aydogdu 1 , KH Altintas 2 , *

1 Department of Public Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, 06100, Turkey

2 EMDM, Associate Professor of Public Health, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, 06100, hakana@hacettepe.edu.tr, Turkey

How to Cite: Aydogdu S, Altintas K. Characteristics of Civil Defense Search and Rescue Units, Turkey, 2008-2009, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 13(9):651-659.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 13 (9); 651-659
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 10, 2011
Accepted: April 25, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Search and rescue (SAR) is a component of emergency and disaster response. SAR teams are limited in number; thus, collecting information on their characteristics may facilitate the establishment of mutual agreement protocols between countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the Turkish Civil Defense SAR Units.

 

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in 11 provinces of Turkey from July 2008 to October 2009. Interviews, observations and records were used to gather data, and descriptive statistics are presented. To evaluate the adequacy of personnel and equipment, a Likert-type scoring system was used (0-4 points).

 

Results: The size and population density of regions served by SAR Units varied. The mean duration of ground transportation from SAR Unit bases to the furthest provinces in their regions was 4.0±1.2 hours. The mean gathering and loading times were 70.5±42.3 and 48.6±18.0 minutes, respectively. The total employment ratio was 55.6%. The surface and underwater rescue section showed the highest functional sufficiency (3.3±0.7). The mean value for adequacy of SAR equipment was 2.6. Deficiencies were identified in periodic medical check-ups, preventive health measures and after-mission medical examinations for the personnel.

 

Conclusion: There is a need for standardization and improvement in various characteristics of SAR Units.

 

Keywords

Civil Defense Disasters Emergencies Evaluation Search and Rescue Turkey

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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