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Epidemiology of HTLV-1 in Neyshabour, Northeast of Iran

AUTHORS

MR Hedayati-Moghaddam 1 , F Fathimoghadam 2 , * , I Eftekharzadeh Mashhadi 1 , L Soghandi 1 , HR Bidkhori 1

1 Research Center for HIV/AIDS, HTLV and Viral Hepatitis, Culture and Research (ACECR), Mashhad Branch, Khorasan, Iran

2 Research Center for HIV/AIDS, HTLV and Viral Hepatitis, ACECR-Mashhad, University Campus, Azadi Sq, fohrad@gmail.com, Khorasan, Iran

How to Cite: Hedayati-Moghaddam M, Fathimoghadam F, Eftekharzadeh Mashhadi I, Soghandi L, Bidkhori H. Epidemiology of HTLV-1 in Neyshabour, Northeast of Iran, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 13(6):424-427.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 13 (6); 424-427
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: October 10, 2010
Accepted: December 22, 2010

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Abstract

Background: HTLV-1 infection is endemic in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran. This study was designed to assess the epidemiology of HTLV-1 and potential risk factors in Neyshabour, Northeastern Iran.

Methods: All those who referred to Iranian Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research(ACECR)-Mashhad Laboratory in Neyshabour for evaluation of HTLV-I by ELISA, were tested using WB if the ELISA result was positive. A questionnaire about risk factors of infection was completed for all cases.

Results: HTLV-1 infection was positive in 7.2% (35/483) of the participants according to the results of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blot (WB) tests. Infection was significantly associated with age, family size, income and blood transfusion. However, gender, education, birthplace, race, marital status, and history of surgery, dentistry, traditional cupping, and hospitalization showed no significant relation.

Conclusion: It seems that HTLV-I infection is highly endemic in Neyshabour and it is seems that more effective treatment strategies are needed.

Keywords

HTLV-1 infection Epidemiology Iran

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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