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Comparison of mortality and mean hospital stay between patients with burns in upper and lower extremities in Southern Iran

AUTHORS

M Amini 1 , * , M Kherad 2 , R Sadeghimehr 2 , AA Mohammadi 2

1 Assistant Professor of Department of Surgery,Faghihi Hospital,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, aminima@sums.ac.ir, fars, Iran

2 Registered nurse,Faghihi Hospital,Shiraz,ran, Fars, Iran

How to Cite: Amini M, Kherad M, Sadeghimehr R, Mohammadi A. Comparison of mortality and mean hospital stay between patients with burns in upper and lower extremities in Southern Iran, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 9(4):201-204.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 9 (4); 201-204
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 4, 2007
Accepted: August 20, 2007

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Abstract

Background: Burn injury according to severity, extent and organ involvement leads to different mortalities and morbidities. Considering burn injuries of similar extent, the mortality related to lower extremity seems to be higher than that of upper extremity. This study was performed to compare the mortality and mean hospital stay between two groups of burn patients with upper and lower extremities admitted to Ghotbeddin Hospital during a two years period.

 

Methods: The present retrospective study encompassed 322 patients aged from 15-40 years with 45% females and 55% males and burns of 15%-40% during a two years period. Depending on 2/3 or more of total burns; they were divided into two groups with burns in the upper and lower extremities.

 

Results: Upon comparison of the mean hospital stay and mortality rate, it was shown that the mean hospital stay in those with burns of lower extremity was two weeks, which was longer than that in patients with upper extremity burns. Mortality in lower extremity burns was about 10% more than that of upper extremity.

 

Conclusion: It seems that treatment of lower extremity burns along with appropriate planning for intensive care of this organ would help reduce mortality, save time and lower costs.

Keywords

Hospital stay Mortality Lower extremity Upper extremity Burns

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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