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A Parasitological and Serological Study in Malaria Suspected Patients in Hormozgan Province, Southeastern Iran

AUTHORS

M Nateghpour 1 , * , H Turki 2 , H Keshavarz 3 , Gh H Edrissian 3 , M Mohebali 3 , A Rahimi Foroushani 3

1 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, nateghpourm@sina.tums.ac.ir, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, School of Public Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Hormozgan, Iran

3 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Nateghpour M, Turki H, Keshavarz H, Edrissian G, Mohebali M, et al. A Parasitological and Serological Study in Malaria Suspected Patients in Hormozgan Province, Southeastern Iran, Iran Red Crescent Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 12(3):242-246.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 12 (3); 242-246
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 27, 2009
Accepted: October 6, 2009

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Abstract

Background: Presence of malaria immune factors induced by erythrocytic stages is widely used as an epidemiological approach to diagnose the infection mainly to distinguish the current, recent and past infections. This study was performed to find out the status of malaria, using microscopical and serological (IFA) methods in Bandar-Abbas and Minab, two malarious districts in Hormozgan Province of Iran.

 

Methods: 408 patients with suspected malaria symptoms were enrolled. Conventional microscopic examination and serological IFA test were employed for diagnosis of malaria. The rates of agreement between microscopical and serological diagnosis were analyzed by Kappa test.

 

Results: 17.9% and 1.7% of the samples were microscopically diagnosed as P. vivax and P. falciparum, respectively. On the other hand, the serum samples were sero-positive with P. vivax and P. falciparum antigens in 54.2% and 32.1% of the samples, respectively.

 

Conclusions: Serological IFA method could mainly determine the past history of malaria infection, but it was not helpful in detection of current infections. Moreover, there was no significant agreement between microscopical and serological (IFA) methods in diagnosis of malaria.

   

Keywords

Malaria Plasmodium vivax Plasmodium falciparum Agreement Microscopical Serological Iran

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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