Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Relationship Between Disgust Propensity and Contamination Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms: The Mediating Role of Information Processing Bias

Zahra Zanjani 1 , * , Hamid Yaghubi 2 , Mohammad Reza Shaeiri 2 , Ladan Fata 3 and Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki 4
Authors Information
1 Department of Psychology, Medical Faculty, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Humanities Faculty, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
3 Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Biostatistic Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: November 2018, 20 (11); e67133
  • Published Online: October 16, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 5, 2018
  • Revised: April 14, 2018
  • Accepted: August 5, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.67133

To Cite: Zanjani Z, Yaghubi H, Shaeiri M R, Fata L , Gholami Fesharaki M . Relationship Between Disgust Propensity and Contamination Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms: The Mediating Role of Information Processing Bias, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2018 ; 20(11):e67133. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.67133.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
References
  • 1. Albert U, Maina G, Bogetto F, Chiarle A, Mataix-Cols D. Clinical predictors of health-related quality of life in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Compr Psychiatry. 2010;51(2):193-200. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.03.004. [PubMed: 20152302].
  • 2. Rachman S. Fear of contamination. Behav Res Ther. 2004;42(11):1227-55. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2003.10.009. [PubMed: 15381436].
  • 3. Rasmussen SA, Eisen JL. The epidemiology and differential diagnosis of obsessive compulsive disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 1992;53 Suppl:4-10. [PubMed: 1564054].
  • 4. Rachman SJ, Hodgson RJ. Obsessions and compulsions. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall; 1980.
  • 5. Zanjani Z, Yaghubi H, Fata L, Shaiiri M, Gholami M. The mediating role of fear of contagion in explaining the relationship between disgust propensity and fear of contamination. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2018;23(4):454-65. doi: 10.29252/nirp.ijpcp.23.4.454.
  • 6. Olatunji BO, Ebesutani C, Kim J, Riemann BC, Jacobi DM. Disgust proneness predicts obsessive-compulsive disorder symptom severity in a clinical sample of youth: Distinctions from negative affect. J Affect Disord. 2017;213:118-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.02.017. [PubMed: 28222359].
  • 7. Olatunji BO, Tart CD, Ciesielski BG, McGrath PB, Smits JA. Specificity of disgust vulnerability in the distinction and treatment of OCD. J Psychiatr Res. 2011;45(9):1236-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.01.018. [PubMed: 21353249]. [PubMed Central: PMC3118257].
  • 8. Shams G, Janani L, Milosevic I, Foroughi E. Disgust emotion and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in an Iranian clinical sample. Psychology. 2015;6(13):1721-31. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.613168.
  • 9. Broderick J. Disgust and contamination fear based obsessive-compulsive disorder: An investigation. University of New South Wales; 2012. [dissertation].
  • 10. Goetz AR, Lee HJ, Cougle JR, Turkel JE. Disgust propensity and sensitivity: Differential relationships with obsessive-compulsive symptoms and behavioral approach task performance. J Obsessive Compuls Relat Disord. 2013;2(4):412-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jocrd.2013.07.006.
  • 11. Zanjani Z, Yaghubi H, Shaeiri M, Fata L, Gholami Fesharaki M. A structural model of relationship between disgust propensity and fear of contamination: The mediating role of mental contamination. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2018;12(3). e11442. doi: 10.5812/ijpbs.11442.
  • 12. Cisler JM, Olatunji BO, Lohr JM. Disgust, fear, and the anxiety disorders: A critical review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2009;29(1):34-46. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2008.09.007. [PubMed: 18977061]. [PubMed Central: PMC2895912].
  • 13. Olatunji BO, Sawchuk CN, Arrindell WA, Lohr JM. Disgust sensitivity as a mediator of the sex differences in contamination fears. Pers Individ Dif. 2005;38(3):713-22. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.025.
  • 14. Oaten M, Stevenson RJ, Case TI. Disgust as a disease-avoidance mechanism. Psychol Bull. 2009;135(2):303-21. doi: 10.1037/a0014823. [PubMed: 19254082].
  • 15. Williams NL, Connolly KM, Cisler JM, Elwood LS, Willems JL, Lohr JM. Disgust: A cognitive approach. In: McKay DM, Olatunji O, editors. Disgust and its disorders. Washington DC: American Psychological Association; 2009. p. 57-73. doi: 10.1037/11856-003.
  • 16. Connolly KM, Lohr JM, Olatunji BO, Hahn KS, Williams NL. Information processing in contamination fear: A covariation bias examination of fear and disgust. J Anxiety Disord. 2009;23(1):60-8. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.03.017. [PubMed: 18472392].
  • 17. Davey GC, Bickerstaffe S, MacDonald BA. Experienced disgust causes A negative interpretation bias: A causal role for disgust in anxious psychopathology. Behav Res Ther. 2006;44(10):1375-84. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2005.10.006. [PubMed: 16368073].
  • 18. Olatunji BO, Cisler J, McKay D, Phillips ML. Is disgust associated with psychopathology? Emerging research in the anxiety disorders. Psychiatry Res. 2010;175(1-2):1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2009.04.007. [PubMed: 19969378].
  • 19. Tolin DF, Woods CM, Abramowitz JS. Relationship between obsessive beliefs and obsessive–compulsive symptoms. Cognit Ther Res. 2003;27(6):657-69. doi: 10.1023/a:1026351711837.
  • 20. Moretz MW, McKay D. Disgust sensitivity as a predictor of obsessive-compulsive contamination symptoms and associated cognitions. J Anxiety Disord. 2008;22(4):707-15. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2007.07.004. [PubMed: 17719199].
  • 21. Wheaton MG, Abramowitz JS, Berman NC, Riemann BC, Hale LR. The relationship between obsessive beliefs and symptom dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behav Res Ther. 2010;48(10):949-54. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.05.027. [PubMed: 20800750].
  • 22. Charash M, McKay D. Attention bias for disgust. J Anxiety Disord. 2002;16(5):529-41. doi: 10.1016/S0887-6185(02)00171-8. [PubMed: 12396210].
  • 23. Najmi S, Amir N. The effect of attention training on a behavioral test of contamination fears in individuals with subclinical obsessive-compulsive symptoms. J Abnorm Psychol. 2010;119(1):136-42. doi: 10.1037/a0017549. [PubMed: 20141250]. [PubMed Central: PMC2866445].
  • 24. Riskind JH, Williams NL, Gessner TL, Chrosniak LD, Cortina JM. The looming maladaptive style: Anxiety, danger, and schematic processing. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2000;79(5):837-52. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.79.5.837. [PubMed: 11079245].
  • 25. Arch NE. Effects of disgust on relational memory. Florida State: The Florida State University; 2011. [dissertation].
  • 26. Radomsky AS, Rachman S. Memory bias in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Behav Res Ther. 1999;37(7):605-18. doi: 10.1016/S0005-7967(98)00151-X. [PubMed: 10402686].
  • 27. Charash MA. Cognitive biases for disgust in contamination fear. Ann Arbor: Fordham University; 2003. [dissertation].
  • 28. Loehlin JC. Latent variable models: An introduction to factor, path and structural analysis. 4 ed. Hillsdale: NJ: Erlbaum; 2004.
  • 29. Olatunji BO, Ebesutani C, David B, Fan Q, McGrath PB. Disgust proneness and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a clinical sample: Structural differentiation from negative affect. J Anxiety Disord. 2011;25(7):932-8. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.05.006. [PubMed: 21696916].
  • 30. Zanjani Z, Yaghub H, Fata L, Shaiiri M, Gholami Fesharaki M. [Factor structure and psychometric properties of disgust propensity and sensitivity scale in Iranian sample]. J Clin Psychol Pers. 2018;15(2):205-14. Persian.
  • 31. Sanavio E. Obsessions and compulsions: The Padua inventory. Behav Res Ther. 1988;26(2):169-77. doi: 10.1016/0005-7967(88)90116-7. [PubMed: 3365207].
  • 32. Goodarzi MA, Firoozabadi A. Reliability and validity of the Padua inventory in an Iranian population. Behav Res Ther. 2005;43(1):43-54. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2003.11.004. [PubMed: 15531352].
  • 33. Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working G. Psychometric validation of the obsessive belief questionnaire and interpretation of intrusions inventory--Part 2: Factor analyses and testing of a brief version. Behav Res Ther. 2005;43(11):1527-42. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2004.07.010. [PubMed: 16299894].
  • 34. Shams G, Ghadiri N, Esmaeli Y, Ebrahimi N. The validity and reability of Persian version of obsessive beliefs- 44. J Adv Cognit Sci. 2005;23:6-36.
  • 35. Fox E, Russo R, Dutton K. Attentional bias for threat: Evidence for delayed disengagement from emotional faces. Cogn Emot. 2002;16(3):355-79. doi: 10.1080/02699930143000527. [PubMed: 18273395]. [PubMed Central: PMC2241753].
  • 36. Lang PJ, Bradley MM, Cuthbert BN. International affective picture system (IAPS): Instruction manual and affective ratings. Technical report A-6, the Center for Research in Psychophysiology. University of Florida; 2005.
  • 37. Davey GC. Disgust: The disease-avoidance emotion and its dysfunctions. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2011;366(1583):3453-65. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0039. [PubMed: 22042921]. [PubMed Central: PMC3189352].
  • 38. Armstrong T, Sarawgi S, Olatunji BO. Attentional bias toward threat in contamination fear: Overt components and behavioral correlates. J Abnorm Psychol. 2012;121(1):232-7. doi: 10.1037/a0024453. [PubMed: 21707123]. [PubMed Central: PMC3345033].
  • 39. Cisler JM, Olatunji BO, Lohr JM, Williams NL. Attentional bias differences between fear and disgust: Implications for the role of disgust in disgust-related anxiety disorders. Cogn Emot. 2009;23(4):675-87. doi: 10.1080/02699930802051599. [PubMed: 20589224]. [PubMed Central: PMC2892866].
  • 40. Rachman S. A cognitive theory of obsessions. Behav Res Ther. 1997;35(9):793-802. [PubMed: 9299799].
  • 41. Brady RE, Adams TG, Lohr JM. Disgust in contamination-based obsessive-compulsive disorder: A review and model. Expert Rev Neurother. 2010;10(8):1295-305. doi: 10.1586/ern.10.46. [PubMed: 20662755].
  • 42. Mitte K. Trait-disgust vs. fear of contamination and the judgmental bias of contamination concerns. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2008;39(4):577-86. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2008.01.005. [PubMed: 18359478].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments