Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Assessment of Calcified Carotid Artery Plaques on Digital Panoramic Radiographs of Middle-aged and Older Asymptomatic Persons in a Turkish subpopulation and Associated Risk Factors

Guldane Magat 1 , * and Ali Riza Tuncdemir 2
Authors Information
1 Necmettin Erbakan University Dentistry Faculty, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Konya, Turkey
2 Necmettin Erbakan University Dentistry Faculty, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Konya, Turkey
Article information
  • Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: December 2018, 20 (S1); e63780
  • Published Online: May 5, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 6, 2017
  • Revised: November 29, 2017
  • Accepted: February 14, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.63780

To Cite: Magat G, Tuncdemir A R. Assessment of Calcified Carotid Artery Plaques on Digital Panoramic Radiographs of Middle-aged and Older Asymptomatic Persons in a Turkish subpopulation and Associated Risk Factors, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2018 ; 20(S1):e63780. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.63780.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Footnote
References
  • 1. Mackey RH, Venkitachalam L, Sutton-Tyrrell K. Calcifications, arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis. Adv Cardiol. 2007;44:234-44. doi: 10.1159/000096744. [PubMed: 17075212].
  • 2. Bengtsson VW, Persson GR, Renvert S. Assessment of carotid calcifications on panoramic radiographs in relation to other used methods and relationship to periodontitis and stroke: a literature review. Acta Odontol Scand. 2014;72(6):401-12. doi: 10.3109/00016357.2013.847489. [PubMed: 24432815].
  • 3. Garcia JH, Khang-Loon H. Carotid atherosclerosis. Definition, pathogenesis, and clinical significance. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1996;6(4):801-10. [PubMed: 8824132].
  • 4. Friedlander AH, Garrett NR, Chin EE, Baker JD. Ultrasonographic confirmation of carotid artery atheromas diagnosed via panoramic radiography. J Am Dent Assoc. 2005;136:635-40.
  • 5. Carter LC. Discrimination between calcified triticeous cartilage and calcified carotid atheroma on panoramic radiography. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000;90(1):108-10. doi: 10.1067/moe.2000.106297. [PubMed: 10884645].
  • 6. Friedlander AH, Garrett NR, Norman DC. The prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas on the panoramic radiographs of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Am Dent Assoc. 2002;133(11):1516-23. [PubMed: 12462696].
  • 7. Friedlander AH, Lande A. Panoramic radiographic identification of carotid arterial plaques. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1981;52:102-4.
  • 8. Stompor T. An overview of the pathophysiology of vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease. Perit Dial Int. 2007;27(Suppl 2):S215-22.
  • 9. Bayram B, Uckan S, Acikgoz A, Muderrisoglu H, Aydinalp A. Digital panoramic radiography: a reliable method to diagnose carotid artery atheromas? Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2006;35(4):266-70. doi: 10.1259/dmfr/50195822. [PubMed: 16798924].
  • 10. Bayer S, Helfgen EH, Bos C, Kraus D, Enkling N, Mues S. Prevalence of findings compatible with carotid artery calcifications on dental panoramic radiographs. Clin Oral Investig. 2011;15(4):563-9. doi: 10.1007/s00784-010-0418-6. [PubMed: 20431901].
  • 11. Ohba T, Takata Y, Ansai T, Morimoto Y, Tanaka T, Kito S, et al. Evaluation of calcified carotid artery atheromas detected by panoramic radiograph among 80-year-olds. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2003;96(5):647-50. doi: 10.1016/S1079210403004761. [PubMed: 14600703].
  • 12. Tamura T, Inui M, Nakase M, Nakamura S, Okumura K, Tagawa T. Clinicostatistical study of carotid calcification on panoramic radiographs. Oral Dis. 2005;11(5):314-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2005.01125.x. [PubMed: 16120119].
  • 13. Friedlander AH, Friedlander IK, Yueh R, Littner MR. The prevalence of carotid atheromas seen on panoramic radiographs of patients with obstructive sleep apnea and their relation to risk factors for atherosclerosis. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1999;57:516-21.
  • 14. Sung EC, Friedlander AH, Kobashigawa JA. The prevalence of calcified carotid atheromas on the panoramic radiographs of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;97(3):404-7. doi: 10.1016/S1079210403005341. [PubMed: 15024368].
  • 15. Uthman AT, Al-Saffar AB. Prevalence in digital panoramic radiographs of carotid area calcification among Iraqi individuals with stroke-related disease. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008;105(4):e68-73. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2007.11.009. [PubMed: 18329570].
  • 16. Friedlander AH, Graves LL, Grabich SG, Aghazadehsanai N, Chang TI. Prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas on panoramic images of older men with gout: a descriptive retrospective study. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2017;46(5):20160406. doi: 10.1259/dmfr.20160406. [PubMed: 28186844].
  • 17. Friedlander AH, Manesh F, Wasterlain CG. Prevalence of detectable carotid artery calcifications on panoramic radiographs of recent stroke victims. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1994;77:669-73.
  • 18. Almog DM, Tsimidis K, Moss ME, Gottlieb RH, Carter LC. Evaluation of a training program for detection of carotid artery calcifications on panoramic radiographs. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000;90(1):111-7. doi: 10.1067/moe.2000.107056. [PubMed: 10884646].
  • 19. Fatahzadeh M, Glick M. Stroke: epidemiology, classification, risk factors, complications, diagnosis, prevention, and medical and dental management. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006;102(2):180-91. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2005.07.031. [PubMed: 16876060].
  • 20. Acay A, Ulu MS, Ahsen A, Ozkececi G, Demir K, Ozuguz U, et al. Atherogenic index as a predictor of atherosclerosis in subjects with familial Mediterranean fever. Medicina (Kaunas). 2014;50(6):329-33. doi: 10.1016/j.medici.2014.11.009. [PubMed: 25541265].
  • 21. Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri S, Thanakun S. Carotid artery calcification detected on panoramic radiographs in a group of Thai population. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006;101(1):110-5. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2005.04.002. [PubMed: 16360615].
  • 22. Friedlander AH, Friedlander IK. Panoramic dental radiography: an aid in detecting individuals prone to stroke. Br Dent J. 1996;181:23-6.
  • 23. Tassoker M, Akgunlu F. Radiologic Analysis of The Stylohyoid Ligament Calcifications: A retrospective Study. Dental J Dicle. 2016;17:1-6.
  • 24. Atalay Y, Asutay F, Agacayak KS, Koparal M, Adali F, Gulsun B. Evaluation of calcified carotid atheroma on panoramic radiographs and Doppler ultrasonography in an older population. Clin Interv Aging. 2015;10:1121-9. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S84683. [PubMed: 26185431].
  • 25. Yoon SJ, Yoon W, Kim OS, Lee JS, Kang BC. Diagnostic accuracy of panoramic radiography in the detection of calcified carotid artery. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2008;37(2):104-8. doi: 10.1259/dmfr/86909790. [PubMed: 18239037].
  • 26. Khosropanah SH, Shahidi SH, Bronoosh P, Rasekhi A. Evaluation of carotid calcification detected using panoramic radiography and carotid Doppler sonography in patients with and without coronary artery disease. Br Dent J. 2009;207. E8.
  • 27. Khambete N, Kumar R, Risbud M, Joshi A. Evaluation of carotid artery atheromatous plaques using digital panoramic radiographs with Doppler sonography as the ground truth. J Oral Biol Craniofac Res. 2012;2(3):149-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jobcr.2012.10.005. [PubMed: 25737857].
  • 28. Cohen SN, Friedlander AH, Jolly DA, Date L. Carotid calcification on panoramic radiographs: an important marker for vascular risk. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2002;94(4):510-4. [PubMed: 12374929].
  • 29. Friedlander AH, Friedlander IK. Identification of stroke prone patients by panoramic radiography. Aust Dent J. 1998;43:51-4.
  • 30. Alves N, Deana NF, Garay I. Detection of common carotid artery calcifications on panoramic radiographs: prevalence and reliability. Int J Clin Exp Med. 2014;7(8):1931-9. [PubMed: 25232373].
  • 31. Taheri JB, Moshfeghi M. Prevalence of calcified carotid artery on panoramic radiographs in postmenopausal women. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospect. 2009;3:46-51.
  • 32. Goncalves JR, Yamada JL, Berrocal C, Westphalen FH, Franco A, Fernandes A. Prevalence of Pathologic Findings in Panoramic Radiographs: Calcified Carotid Artery Atheroma. Acta Stomatol Croat. 2016;50(3):230-4. doi: 10.15644/asc50/3/5. [PubMed: 27847396].
  • 33. Ardakani FE, Ardakani MA, Mohammadi Z, MH S. Evaluating calcified carotid artery atheromas in panoramic radiographs of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Oral Radiol. 2007;23:6-9.
  • 34. Friedlander AH, Cohen SN. Panoramic radiographic atheromas portend adverse vascular events. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103(6):830-5. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2006.07.016. [PubMed: 17261373].
  • 35. Carter LC, Haller AD, Nadarajah V, Calamel AD, Aguirre A. Use of panoramic radiography among an ambulatory dental population to detect patients at risk of stroke. J Am Dent Assoc. 1997;128(7):977-84. [PubMed: 9231602].
  • 36. MacDonald D, Chan A, Harris A, Vertinsky T, Farman AG, Scarfe WC. Diagnosis and management of calcified carotid artery atheroma: dental perspectives. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012;114(4):533-47. doi: 10.1016/j.oooo.2012.06.020. [PubMed: 22986250].
  • 37. Johansson E, Ahlqvist J, Garoff M, Levring Jaghagen E, Meimermondt A, Wester P. Carotid calcifications on panoramic radiographs: a 5-year follow-up study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2015;120(4):513-20. doi: 10.1016/j.oooo.2015.06.026. [PubMed: 26260766].
  • 38. Garoff M, Johansson E, Ahlqvist J, Jaghagen EL, Arnerlov C, Wester P. Detection of calcifications in panoramic radiographs in patients with carotid stenoses ≥50%. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2014;117(3):385-91. doi: 10.1016/j.oooo.2014.01.010. [PubMed: 24528796].
  • 39. Fukuta Y, Kimura T, M T. Oral findings of patients with cardiovascular disease: remaining tooth number and panoramic radiographic findings. Jpn J Oral Diag Oral Med. 2003;16.
  • 40. Barona-Dorado C, Gutierrez-Bonet C, Leco-Berrocal I, Fernandez-Caliz F, Martinez-Gonzalez JM. Relation between diagnosis of atheromatous plaque from orthopantomographs and cardiovascular risk factors. A study of cases and control subjects. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2016;21(1):e66-71. [PubMed: 26595828].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments