Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Clinical Outcomes of the Lateral Medullary Syndrome: A Case Report

Sakine Mazaherpur 1 , Avid Rokni 1 , Ehsan Bastani Far 1 and Alireza Abdi 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Treatment Management of Social Security Organization of Khuzestan Province, Mahshahr, Iran
2 Nursing and Midwifery School, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: December 31, 2018, 20 (12); e63064
  • Published Online: November 13, 2018
  • Article Type: Case Report
  • Received: October 20, 2017
  • Revised: January 29, 2018
  • Accepted: February 24, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.63064

To Cite: Mazaherpur S , Rokni A , Bastani Far E , Abdi A. Clinical Outcomes of the Lateral Medullary Syndrome: A Case Report, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2018 ; 20(12):e63064. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.63064.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Introduction
2. Case Presentation
3. Discussion
  • 1. Day GS, Swartz RH, Chenkin J, Shamji AI, Frost DW. Lateral medullary syndrome: A diagnostic approach illustrated through case presentation and literature review. CJEM. 2014;16(2):164-70. [PubMed: 24626124].
  • 2. Aravind RS, Athira BM, Mohammed Salim KT. A case report on Wallenberg syndrome. Glob J Add Rehab Med. 2017;4(2). doi: 10.19080/gjarm.2017.04.555634.
  • 3. Nakazato Y, Tamura N, Ikeda K, Yamamoto T. Isolated body lateropulsion caused by lower lateral medullary infarction. eNeurologicalSci. 2017;7:25-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ensci.2017.03.004. [PubMed: 29260021]. [PubMed Central: PMC5721548].
  • 4. Louis DW, Dholakia N, Raymond MJ. Wallenberg syndrome with associated motor weakness in a two-week-postpartum female. Case Rep Neurol. 2015;7(3):186-90. doi: 10.1159/000440712. [PubMed: 26500545]. [PubMed Central: PMC4611068].
  • 5. Tyagi AK, Ashish G, Lepcha A, Balraj A. Subjective visual vertical and horizontal abnormalities in a patient with lateral medullary syndrome-a case report. Iran J Otorhinolaryngol. 2015;27(78):75-80. [PubMed: 25745615]. [PubMed Central: PMC4344978].
  • 6. Paliwal VK, Kumar S, Gupta DK, Neyaz Z. Ipsipulsion: A forgotten sign of lateral medullary syndrome. Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2015;18(3):284-5. doi: 10.4103/0972-2327.150621. [PubMed: 26425003]. [PubMed Central: PMC4564460].
  • 7. Kim H, Lee HJ, Park JW. Clinical course and outcome in patients with severe dysphagia after lateral medullary syndrome. Ther Adv Neurol Disord. 2018;11. doi: 10.1177/1756286418759864. [PubMed: 29511384]. [PubMed Central: PMC5833167].
  • 8. Katsumata M, Oki K, Nakahara J, Izawa Y, Abe T, Takahashi S, et al. Ipsilateral facial tactile hypesthesia in a patient with lateral medullary syndrome. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2015;24(11):e315-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2015.07.027. [PubMed: 26350694].
  • 9. Saha R, Alam S, Hossain MA. Lateral medullary syndrome (Wallenberg's syndrome) - a case report. Faridpur Med Coll J. 2011;5(1). doi: 10.3329/fmcj.v5i1.6813.
  • 10. Ibrahim MH, Fadhil A, Ali SS, Kader SFA, Khalid M, Kumar K, et al. Case report on hiccup and lateral medullary syndrome. Neurosci Med. 2015;6(2):58-61. doi: 10.4236/nm.2015.62010.
  • 11. Tanaka K, Kanamaru H, Morikawa A, Kawaguchi K. Central hypoventilation syndrome complicated with lateral medullary infarction after endovascular treatment of the vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm: A case report. NMC Case Rep J. 2016;3(4):133-6. doi: 10.2176/ [PubMed: 28664015]. [PubMed Central: PMC5386165].
  • 12. Raja HM, Herwadkar AV, Paroutoglou K, Lilleker JB. Neurogenic pulmonary oedema complicating a lateral medullary infarct. BMJ Case Rep. 2018;2018. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2018-225437. [PubMed: 30054324].
  • 13. Nakano H, Yanase D, Yamada M. Syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) associated with lateral medullary syndrome: Case report and literature review. BMC Neurol. 2016;16:119. doi: 10.1186/s12883-016-0641-0. [PubMed: 27461339]. [PubMed Central: PMC4962364].
  • 14. Sivakumar K, Garcha M, Mehta D, Leary MC, Yacoub HA. Central hypoventilation: A rare complication of Wallenberg syndrome. Case Rep Neurol Med. 2018;2018:1-3. doi: 10.1155/2018/4894820.
  • 15. Kobayashi Z, Numasawa Y, Tomimitsu H, Shintani S. Conjugate eye deviation plus spontaneous nystagmus as a diagnostic sign of lateral medullary infarction. J Neurol Sci. 2016;367:222-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2016.06.017. [PubMed: 27423592].
  • 16. Kim TJ, Nam H, Hong JH, Yeo MJ, Chang JY, Jeong JH, et al. Dysphagia may be an independent marker of poor outcome in acute lateral medullary infarction. J Clin Neurol. 2015;11(4):349-57. doi: 10.3988/jcn.2015.11.4.349. [PubMed: 26256660]. [PubMed Central: PMC4596108].
  • 17. Na EH, Yoon TS, Han SJ. Improvement of quiet standing balance in patients with wallenberg syndrome after rehabilitation. Ann Rehabil Med. 2011;35(6):791-7. doi: 10.5535/arm.2011.35.6.791. [PubMed: 22506207]. [PubMed Central: PMC3309380].
  • 18. McGhie T, Alfred R, Ali A, Gilbert DT. Lateral medullary infarct/Wallenberg syndrome- Jamaica. West Indian Med J. 2012;61(7):1-7.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments