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Diversity of Neuromuscular Disorders in Referred Patients to Electro Diagnostic Units of Yazd City

AUTHORS

Ahmad Zeinali 1 , Abolghasem Rahimdel 1 , Reza Boostani 2 , Ali Mellat 1 , *

1 Neurology Department, Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Yazd University of Medical Science, Yazd, IR Iran

2 Neurology Department, Qaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, IRIran

How to Cite: Zeinali A, Rahimdel A, Boostani R, Mellat A. Diversity of Neuromuscular Disorders in Referred Patients to Electro Diagnostic Units of Yazd City, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013 ; 15(3):274-275. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.4169.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: 15 (3); 274-275
Published Online: March 5, 2013
Article Type: Letter
Received: January 15, 2012
Revised: November 27, 2012
Accepted: January 20, 2013
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Keywords

Electrodiagnosis Neuromuscular Diseases Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Copyright © 2013, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Dear Editor,

Electrodiagnostic tests are electrical technologies for evaluating the body’s neurophysiology and used as a complementary method for diagnosing the neuromuscular disorders. These tests are commonly used to diagnosis these disorders: Anterior horn cell disease, Polyneuropathy, Mononeuropathy, Plexopathy, Radiculopathy, Polyradiculoneuropathy, Neromuscular junction and Muscular disorders (1, 2). Because the prevalence and demographic features of disorders referred to electrodiagnosis departments are undetermined, this study was performed. People enrolled the study were patients whom were referred to electrodiagnosis units in Yazd from June 2009 to June 2011.Studied variables were: age, sex and test results included: normal, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), cervical and lumbar radiculopathy (Cer. Rad, Lum. Rad.), trauma, peripheral neuropathy (P.N.), nerve entrapment (N.E.), myopathy, motor neuron disease (M.N.D.), myotonia, neuro-muscular junction (N.M.J) disorders (myasthenia). In two years consecutive study, EMG-NCV findings of 2933 patients were analyzed. 1651 patients were females and 1282 patients were males which female gender was more significantly (P < 0.001). Patients’ mean age was 43.2 ± 16.4 which 1805 patients were more than 40 and 1128 were under 40 years old (P < 0.001). CTS, lumbar and cervical radiculopathy and peripheral neuropathy were more in patients over 40 years old and trauma, motor neuron disease, myotonia and myasthenia were more in patients under 40 years old significantly(P < 0.001). Numerous studies emphasized the more prevalence of CTS in patients over 40 years because of osteoarthritis and diabetes mellitus (3-5). More normal reports in patients over than 40 yeras old are may be due to rheumatologic disorders, neuromuscular pain with articular, tendonal or muscular origin in which may lead to false diagnosis and refer normal patients for EMG-NCV (6-8). Normal variable and CTS were more in females and cervical radiculopathy, trauma, nerve entrapment and myotonia were more in males significantly (P < 0.001). Several studies indicate more prevalence of CTS 3 to 7 times in females (3-5). In our study this ratio was 6.5/1. In this study cervical radiculopathy was more prevalent in men like other studies (P = 0.024) 9. 32.3% of reports were normal which may be due to high prevalence of soft tissue disorders, muscular pain around shoulder and pelvic griddles such as bursitis, tendonitis and myofacial pain which may be misdiagnosed as radicular pain or other peripheral diseases (6-8). So obtaining precise history and performing complete general and neurologic examination could lead to decrement the referring rate of patients with diseases other than motor unit involvement lead to lowering cost of EMG-NCV for health and treatment system (Table 1).

Table 1 Prevalence Distribution of Findings Based on Age and Sex
Findings
NormalCTSLum. RadCer. RadTraumaP. NN. EMNDMyopathyMyotoniaN.M.J
Age, y, No.
< 20 83992603018161462
20-29 177301368918295673
30-39 233117411172161351122
40-49, No.2602288924703121101221
50-59.109216732922471931130
> 60 85129119312185177310
P value0.205< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001< 0.0010.7820.0070.040.0020.007
Sex, No.
Male4229617060261125702524164
Female525633174437310247213354
P value< 0.001< 0.0010.8290.024< 0.0010.1270.0260.5550.2330.0161
Total, No. (%)8 (0.3)21 (0.7)57 (1.9)46 (1.6)117 (4)227 (7.7)334 (11.4)103 (3.5)344 (11.7)729 (24.9)947 (32.3)

Acknowledgements

Footnote

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