Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Impact of Health-Promoting Educational Intervention on Lifestyle (Nutrition Behaviors, Physical Activity and Mental Health) Related to Vaginal Health Among Reproductive-Aged Women With Vaginitis

Roxana Parsapure 1 , Abbas Rahimiforushani 2 , * , Fereshteh Majlessi 3 , Ali Montazeri 4 , Roya Sadeghi 1 and Gholamreza Garmarudi 1
Authors Information
1 Health Promotion and Education Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Biostatistics’ and Epidemiology Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Health Promotion and Health Education Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
4 Mental Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Institut for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: October 01, 2016, 18 (10); e37698
  • Published Online: August 8, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: March 9, 2016
  • Revised: May 19, 2016
  • Accepted: July 25, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.37698

To Cite: Parsapure R, Rahimiforushani A, Majlessi F, Montazeri A, Sadeghi R, et al. Impact of Health-Promoting Educational Intervention on Lifestyle (Nutrition Behaviors, Physical Activity and Mental Health) Related to Vaginal Health Among Reproductive-Aged Women With Vaginitis, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016 ; 18(10):e37698. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.37698.

Copyright © 2016, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease C. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010; 59: 1-110[PubMed]
  • 2. Karaer A, Boylu M, Avsar AF. Vaginitis in Turkish women: symptoms, epidemiologic - microbiologic association. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2005; 121(2): 211-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Karasz A, Anderson M. The vaginitis monologues: women's experiences of vaginal complaints in a primary care setting. Soc Sci Med. 2003; 56(5): 1013-21[PubMed]
  • 4. General Gynecology. 2016;
  • 5. Tempera G. Vaginal infections: epidemiology and risk factors. Riv Ostet Ginecol Prat Med Perinat. 2005; 27(7-8): 280-3
  • 6. Koumans EH, Sternberg M, Bruce C, McQuillan G, Kendrick J, Sutton M, et al. The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in the United States, 2001-2004; associations with symptoms, sexual behaviors, and reproductive health. Sex Transm Dis. 2007; 34(11): 864-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Al-Aali KY. Prevalence of Vaginal Candidiasis among Pregnant Women Attending Al-Hada Military Hospital, Western Region, Taif, Saudi Arabia. Int J Sci Res. 2015; 4(5): 1736-43
  • 8. Sutton M, Sternberg M, Koumans EH, McQuillan G, Berman S, Markowitz L. The prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection among reproductive-age women in the United States, 2001-2004. Clin Infect Dis. 2007; 45(10): 1319-26[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Mulu W, Yimer M, Zenebe Y, Abera B. Common causes of vaginal infections and antibiotic susceptibility of aerobic bacterial isolates in women of reproductive age attending at Felegehiwot Referral Hospital, Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. BMC Womens Health. 2015; 15: 42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Sexually transmitted and other reproductive tract infections: a guide to essential practic. 2005;
  • 11. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): the importance of a renewed commitment to STI prevention and control in achieving global sexual and reproductive health. 2013;
  • 12. Hafner LM, Pelzer ES. Tubal damage, infertility and tubal ectopic pregnancy: Chlamydia trachomatis and other microbial aetiologies. 2011;
  • 13. Xia DY, Liao SS, He QY, Choi KH, Mandel JS. Self-reported symptoms of reproductive tract infections among rural women in Hainan, China: prevalence rates and risk factors. Sex Transm Dis. 2004; 31(11): 643-9[PubMed]
  • 14. Msuya SE, Mbizvo E, Stray-Pedersen B, Sundby J, Sam NE, Hussain A. Reproductive tract infections and the risk of HIV among women in Moshi, Tanzania. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2002; 81(9): 886-93[PubMed]
  • 15. Hillier SL, Nugent RP, Eschenbach DA, Krohn MA, Gibbs RS, Martin DH, et al. Association between bacterial vaginosis and preterm delivery of a low-birth-weight infant. The Vaginal Infections and Prematurity Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1995; 333(26): 1737-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Carr PL, Felsenstein D, Friedman RH. Evaluation and management of vaginitis. J Gen Intern Med. 1998; 13(5): 335-46[PubMed]
  • 17. Sherrard J, Donders G, White D, Jensen JS, European I. European (IUSTI/WHO) guideline on the management of vaginal discharge, 2011. Int J STD AIDS. 2011; 22(8): 421-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Neggers YH, Nansel TR, Andrews WW, Schwebke JR, Yu KF, Goldenberg RL, et al. Dietary intake of selected nutrients affects bacterial vaginosis in women. J Nutr. 2007; 137(9): 2128-33[PubMed]
  • 19. Ehrstrom SM, Kornfeld D, Thuresson J, Rylander E. Signs of chronic stress in women with recurrent candida vulvovaginitis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005; 193(4): 1376-81[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Chapple A, Hassell K, Nicolson M, Cantrill J. 'You don't really feel you can function normally': Women's perceptions and personal management of vaginal thrush. J Reprod Infant Psychol. 2000; 18(4): 309-19[DOI]
  • 21. Pirzadeh A, Sharifirad G, Kamran A. Healthy lifestyle in teachers. J Educ Health Promot. 2012; 1: 46[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Sharma R, Biedenharn KR, Fedor JM, Agarwal A. Lifestyle factors and reproductive health: taking control of your fertility. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2013; 11: 66[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Feldman LP, Hornik J. The Use of Time: An Integrated Conceptual Model. J Consum Res. 1981; 7(4): 407-19[DOI]
  • 24. Chiou AF, Hsu SP, Hung HF. Predictors of health-promoting behaviors in Taiwanese patients with coronary artery disease. Appl Nurs Res. 2016; 30: 1-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Enjezab B, Farajzadegan Z, Taleghani F, Aflatoonian A, Morowatisharifabad MA. Health Promoting Behaviors in a Population-based Sample of Middle-aged Women and its Relevant Factors in Yazd, Iran. Int J Prev Med. 2012; 3-8[PubMed]
  • 26. Motlagh Z, Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad S, Momayyezi M. Study of Health-promotion behaviors among university of medical science students. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011; 13(4): 29-34
  • 27. Tol A, Tavassoli E, Shariferad GR, Shojaeezadeh D. Health-promoting lifestyle and quality of life among undergraduate students at school of health, Isfahan university of medical sciences. J Educ Health Promot. 2013; 2: 11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Watt RG. Strategies and approaches in oral disease prevention and health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005; 83(9): 711-8[PubMed]
  • 29. Chamberlain J, Watt S, Mohide P, Muggah H, Trim K, Bantebya Kyomuhendo G. Women's perception of self-worth and access to health care. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2007; 98(1): 75-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Ray K, Muralidhar S, Bala M, Kumari M, Salhan S, Gupta SM, et al. Comparative study of syndromic and etiological diagnosis of reproductive tract infections/sexually transmitted infections in women in Delhi. Int J Infect Dis. 2009; 13(6): 352-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Campbell NC, Murray E, Darbyshire J, Emery J, Farmer A, Griffiths F, et al. Designing and evaluating complex interventions to improve health care. BMJ. 2007; 334(7591): 455-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Yarmohammadi S, Taheri G, Mousavi SS, Sheikhehpour M, Paykoub MH, Hashemian AH. The Effect of Education on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Patients with Vaginitis. Adv Biol Res. 2015; 9(3): 196-200
  • 33. Ebrahimi -Tavani M, Ghofranipour F, Hajizadeh E, Abedini M. Assessment of educational needs among women of reproductive age with common genital tract infections (vaginitis): The first step for developing a self-care educational package. Int J Women’s Health Reprod Sci. 2015; 3(4): 201-7
  • 34. Rahimi Foroushani A, Estebsari F, Mostafaei D, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Shojaeizadeh D, Dastoorpour M, et al. The effect of health promoting intervention on healthy lifestyle and social support in elders: a clinical trial study. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014; 16(8): 18399[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Barot S. Sexual and reproductive health and rights are key to global development: The case for ramping up investment. Guttmacher Pol Rev. 2015; 18(1): 1-7
  • 36. Ahmadi A, Rosta F. Health promoting life style among women of reproductive age. Woman Dev Pol. 2014; 11(4): 543-58
  • 37. Pettaway L, Frank D. Health promoting behaviors of urban African American female heads of household. ABNF J. 1999; 10(1): 14-9[PubMed]
  • 38. Golmakani N, Khadem N, Arabipoor A, Kerigh BF, Esmaily H. Behavioral Intervention Program versus Vaginal Cones on Stress Urinary Incontinence and Related Quality of Life: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Oman Med J. 2014; 29(1): 32-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Milestones in health promotion: Statements from global conferences. 2009;
  • 40. Al-Ghazzewi FH, Tester RF. Biotherapeutic agents and vaginal health. J Appl Microbiol. 2016; 121(1): 18-27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 41. Mirghafourvand M, Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi S, Tavananezhad N, Karkhaneh M. Health-promoting lifestyle and its predictors among Iranian adolescent girls, 2013. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2014; 26(4): 495-502[DOI][PubMed]
  • 42. Jiang ZM, Li YY, Wu JQ, Li WY, Wen ZY, Gao ES, et al. An Intervention Study of Reproductive Tract Infections among Married Women of Reproductive Age in Shanghai. J Reprod Contraception. 2007; 19(1): 1-26[DOI]
  • 43. Dale H, Brassington L, King K. The impact of healthy lifestyle interventions on mental health and wellbeing: a systematic review. Mental Health Rev J. 2014; 19(1): 1-26
  • 44. Abedi P, Jorfi M, Afshari P. Evaluation of the Health Promotion Lifestyle and its Related Factors in Reproductive Aged Women in Ahvaz, Iran. Community Health J. 2015; 9(1): 68-74
  • 45. Fiocco AJ, Scarcello S, Marzolini S, Chan A, Oh P, Proulx G, et al. The effects of an exercise and lifestyle intervention program on cardiovascular, metabolic factors and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults with type II diabetes: a pilot study. Can J Diabetes. 2013; 37(4): 214-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 46. Mirghafourvand M, Baheiraei A, Nedjat S, Mohammadi E, Charandabi SM, Majdzadeh R. A population-based study of health-promoting behaviors and their predictors in Iranian women of reproductive age. Health Promot Int. 2015; 30(3): 586-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 47. Ebrahimi-Tavani M, Ghofranipour F, Hajizadeh E, Abedini M. Assessment of Educational Needs Among Women of Reproductive Age With Common Genital Tract Infections (Vaginitis): The First Step for Developing a Self-care Educational Package. Int J Women’s Health Reprod Sci. 2015; 3(4): 201-7
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments