Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Lavender Fragrance Essential Oil and the Quality of Sleep in Postpartum Women

Mahnaz Keshavarz Afshar 1 , Zahra Behboodi Moghadam 1 , * , Ziba Taghizadeh 1 , Reza Bekhradi 2 , Ali Montazeri 3 and Pouran Mokhtari 4
Authors Information
1 Department of Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Research and Development Unit, Barij Essence Company, Kashan, IR Iran
3 Mental Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, IR Iran
4 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, IR Iran
Article information
  • Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: April 01, 2015, 17 (4); e25880
  • Published Online: April 25, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: December 10, 2014
  • Revised: December 28, 2014
  • Accepted: January 11, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.17(4)2015.25880

To Cite: Keshavarz Afshar M, Behboodi Moghadam Z, Taghizadeh Z, Bekhradi R, Montazeri A, et al. Lavender Fragrance Essential Oil and the Quality of Sleep in Postpartum Women, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2015 ; 17(4):e25880. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.17(4)2015.25880.

Copyright © 2015, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
  • 1. Li CY, Chen SC, Li CY, Gau ML, Huang CM. Randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of using foot reflexology to improve quality of sleep amongst Taiwanese postpartum women. Midwifery. 2011; 27(2): 181-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Imura M, Misao H, Ushijima H. The psychological effects of aromatherapy-massage in healthy postpartum mothers. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2006; 51(2)-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Okun ML. Sleep in Pregnancy and the Postpartum. Encyclopedia Sleep. 2013; : 674-9[DOI]
  • 4. Reza H, Kian N, Pouresmail Z, Masood K, Sadat Seyed Bagher M, Cheraghi MA. The effect of acupressure on quality of sleep in Iranian elderly nursing home residents. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2010; 16(2): 81-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Fismer KL, Pilkington K. Lavender and sleep: A systematic review of the evidence. Eur J Integr Med. 2012; 4(4)[DOI]
  • 6. Ko YL, Lee HJ. Randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of using back massage to improve sleep quality among Taiwanese insomnia postpartumwomen. Midwifery. 2014; 30(1): 60-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Goyal D, Gay CL, Lee KA. Patterns of sleep disruption and depressive symptoms in new mothers. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2007; 21(2): 123-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Sleep in America Poll. 2007;
  • 9. Dennis CL, Ross L. Relationships among infant sleep patterns, maternal fatigue, and development of depressive symptomatology. Birth. 2005; 32(3): 187-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Posmontier B. Sleep quality in women with and without postpartum depression. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2008; 37(6): 722-35[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Lee SH. Effects of aroma inhalation on fatigue and sleep quality of postpartum mothers. Women Health Nurs . 2004; 10(3): 235-43
  • 12. Gunderson EP, Rifas-Shiman SL, Oken E, Rich-Edwards JW, Kleinman KP, Taveras EM, et al. Association of fewer hours of sleep at 6 months postpartum with substantial weight retention at 1 year postpartum. Am J Epidemiol. 2008; 167(2): 178-87[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Signal TL, Gander PH, Sangalli MR, Travier N, Firestone RT, Tuohy JF. Sleep duration and quality in healthy nulliparous and multiparous women across pregnancy and post-partum. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007; 47(1): 16-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Rychnovsky J, Hunter LP. The relationship between sleep characteristics and fatigue in healthy postpartum women. Womens Health Issues. 2009; 19(1): 38-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Moeini M, Khadibi M, Bekhradi R, Mahmoudian SA, Nazari F. Effect of aromatherapy on the quality of sleep in ischemic heart disease patients hospitalized in intensive care units of heart hospitals of the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2010; 15(4): 234-9[PubMed]
  • 16. Conrad P, Adams C. The effects of clinical aromatherapy for anxiety and depression in the high risk postpartum woman - a pilot study. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2012; 18(3): 164-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Chien LW, Cheng SL, Liu CF. The effect of lavender aromatherapy on autonomic nervous system in midlife women with insomnia. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012; 2012: 740813[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Lee IS, Lee GJ. [Effects of lavender aromatherapy on insomnia and depression in women college students]. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2006; 36(1): 136-43[PubMed]
  • 19. Arzi A, Sela L, Green A, Givaty G, Dagan Y, Sobel N. The influence of odorants on respiratory patterns in sleep. Chem Senses. 2010; 35(1): 31-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Jahdi F, Behboodi Moghadam Z, Hagani H. The impact of Health Behavior Education on the Sleep Quality in the Pregnant Women with sleep disorder: A Randomized Control Trial 2011-2012. Int Res J Applied Basic Sci. 2013; 7(12): 921-8
  • 21. Sullivan KM, Dean A, Soe MM. OpenEpi: a web-based epidemiologic and statistical calculator for public health. Public Health Rep. 2009; 124(3): 471-4[PubMed]
  • 22. Malekzadegan A, Moradkhani M, Ashaeri H, Haghani H. The effects of Relaxation exercise training on the sleep disorders in the third trimester of pregnancy, pregnant women referred to health centers in Zanjan. Sch Nurs Midwifery Iran Univ Med Sci Iran. 2005; 1385
  • 23. Hirokawa K, Nishimoto T, Taniguchi T. Effects of lavender aroma on sleep quality in healthy Japanese students. Percept Mot Skills. 2012; 114(1): 111-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Pillitteri A. Maternal & child health nursing: care of the childbearing and childrearing famil. 2010;
  • 25. Field T, Field T, Cullen C, Largie S, Diego M, Schanberg S, et al. Lavender bath oil reduces stress and crying and enhances sleep in very young infants. Early Hum Dev. 2008; 84(6): 399-401[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments