Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Hope, the Foundation of Spiritual Health in Adolescents: A Qualitative Study

Azam Shirinabadi Farahani 1 , Maryam Rassouli 2 , * , Farideh Yaghmaie 3 and Hamid Alavi Majd 4
Authors Information
1 Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, International Branch, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, IR Iran
4 School of Para medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
Article information
  • Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal: December 01, 2016, 18 (12); e29328
  • Published Online: August 24, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 23, 2015
  • Revised: May 24, 2015
  • Accepted: June 16, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.29328

To Cite: Shirinabadi Farahani A, Rassouli M, Yaghmaie F, Alavi Majd H. Hope, the Foundation of Spiritual Health in Adolescents: A Qualitative Study, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016 ; 18(12):e29328. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.29328.

Copyright © 2016, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Yahaya N, Momtaz YA, Othman M, Sulaiman N, Mat F. Spiritual well-being and mental health among Malaysian adolescents. Life Sci J. 2012; 9(1): 440-8
  • 2. Rassouli M, Yaghmaie F, Alavi, M. H. . Psychometric properties of "Institutionalized adolescents hope scale". Payesh Quarterly. 2010; 9(2): 197-204
  • 3. Goldstein AL, Walton MA, Cunningham RM, Trowbridge MJ, Maio RF. Violence and substance use as risk factors for depressive symptoms among adolescents in an urban emergency department. J Adolesc Health. 2007; 40(3): 276-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Cotton S, Larkin E, Hoopes A, Cromer BA, Rosenthal SL. The impact of adolescent spirituality on depressive symptoms and health risk behaviors. J Adolesc Health. 2005; 36(6): 529[PubMed]
  • 5. Najarkolaei FR, Niknami S, Shokravi FA, Tavafian SS, Fesharaki MG, Jafari MR. Sexual behavioral abstine HIV/AIDS questionnaire: Validation study of an Iranian questionnaire. J Educ Health Promot. 2014; 3: 10[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Calicchia JA, Graham LB. Assessing the Relationship between Spirituality, Life Stressors, and Social Resources: Buffers of Stress in Graduate Students. N Am J Psychol. 2006; 8(2)
  • 7. Dang MT. We need to pay attention to substance use among homeless youth. J Addict Nurs. 2012; 23(3): 149-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Potter ML, Zauszniewski JA. Spirituality, resourcefulness, and arthritis impact on health perception of elders with rheumatoid arthritis. J Holist Nurs. 2000; 18(4): 311-31[PubMed]
  • 9. Kim S, Esquivel GB. Adolescent spirituality and resilience: Theory, research, and educational practices. Psychol Schools. 2011; 48(7): 755-65
  • 10. McSherry W, Cash K. The language of spirituality: an emerging taxonomy. Int J Nurs Stud. 2004; 41(2): 151-61[PubMed]
  • 11. Shukla P, Rishi P. A Corelational Study of Psychosocial & Spiritual Well Being and Death Anxiety among Advanced Stage Cancer Patients. Am J Appl Psychol. 2014; 2(3): 59-65
  • 12. Kamper R, Van Cleve L, Savedra M. Children with advanced cancer: responses to a spiritual quality of life interview. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2010; 15(4): 301-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Levin J. Religion and mental health: theory and research. Inter J Appl Psychoanal Stud. 2010; 7(2): 102-15
  • 14. Feldman DB, Snyder CR. Hope and the meaningful life: Theoretical and empirical associations between goal-directed thinking and life meaning. J Soc Clin Psychol. 2005; 24(3): 401
  • 15. Malmqvist E, Zeiler K. Bodily exchanges, bioethics and border crossing: Perspectives on giving, selling and sharing bodies. 2015;
  • 16. Lysne CJ, Wachholtz AB. Pain, spirituality, and meaning making: What can we learn from the literature? Religions. 2010; 2(1): 1-16
  • 17. Marques SC, Lopez SJ, Mitchell J. The role of hope, spirituality and religious practice in adolescents’ life satisfaction: Longitudinal findings. J Happiness Stud. 2013; 14(1): 251-61
  • 18. Cotton Bronk K, Hill PL, Lapsley DK, Talib TL, Finch H. Purpose, hope, and life satisfaction in three age groups. J Positive Psychol. 2009; 4(6): 500-10
  • 19. Berg CJ, Snyder CR, Hamilton N. The effectiveness of a hope intervention in coping with cold pressor pain. J Health Psychol. 2008; 13(6): 804-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Saffari M, Ghofranipour F, Mahmoudi M, Montazeri A. Stress, coping strategies and related factors in a sample of Iranian adolescents. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2011; 13(9): 641-6[PubMed]
  • 21. Bristowe K, Selman L, Murtagh FE. Qualitative research methods in renal medicine: an introduction. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2015; 30(9): 1424-31[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Baheiraei A, Khoori E, Ahmadi F, Rahimi Foroushani A, Ghofranipour F. Health concerns of Iranian adolescents: protocol for a mixed methods study. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014; 16(6): 6715[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Hatamipour K, Rassouli M, Yaghmaie F, Zendedel K, Majd HA. Spiritual needs of cancer patients: a qualitative study. Indian J Palliat Care. 2015; 21(1): 61-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Vaismoradi M, Turunen H, Bondas T. Content analysis and thematic analysis: Implications for conducting a qualitative descriptive study. Nurs Health Sci. 2013; 15(3): 398-405[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Educ Today. 2004; 24(2): 105-12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Morrow SL. Quality and trustworthiness in qualitative research in counseling psychology. J Couns Psychol. 2005; 52(2): 250-60
  • 27. Flannelly KJ, Galek K. Religion, evolution, and mental health: attachment theory and ETAS theory. J Relig Health. 2010; 49(3): 337-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Wnuk M, Marcinkowski JT. Do existential variables mediate between religious-spiritual facets of functionality and psychological wellbeing. J Relig Health. 2014; 53(1): 56-67[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Jafari E, Najafi M, Sohrabi F, Dehshiri GR, Soleymani E, Heshmati R. Life satisfaction, spirituality well-being and hope in cancer patients. Procedia-Soc Behav Sci. 2010; 5: 1362-6
  • 30. Bonab BG, Koohsar AAH. Reliance on God as a core construct of Islamic psychology. Procedia-Social Behav Sci. 2011; 30: 216-20
  • 31. McWhirter BT, McWhirter EH. Connectedness among Chilean adolescents: Factor analysis of the Hemingway measure of adolescent connectedness. Psykhe. 2011; 20(1): 45-62
  • 32. Rassouli M, Yaghmaie F, Alavi Majd H, Saeedolzakerin M. Development and Psychometrics of “Institutionalized Adolescents Spiritual Coping Scale”. Iran J Psychiatr Clin Psychol. 2009; 15(1): 25-32
  • 33. Odbehr L, Kvigne K, Hauge S, Danbolt LJ. Nurses' and care workers' experiences of spiritual needs in residents with dementia in nursing homes: a qualitative study. BMC Nurs. 2014; 13: 12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Foyouzat SE, Hosseini NM. The Place Of Work And Effort In Persian Poems. Human Sci. 2004; 41: 99-124
  • 35. Rajandram RK, Ho SM, Samman N, Chan N, McGrath C, Zwahlen RA. Interaction of hope and optimism with anxiety and depression in a specific group of cancer survivors: a preliminary study. BMC Res Notes. 2011; 4: 519[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. Jorbozeh H, Dehdari T, Ashoorkhani M, Taghdisi MH. Establishing a framework of influential factors on empowering primary school students in peer mediation. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014; 16(10): 14194[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Rand KL. Hope and optimism: latent structures and influences on grade expectancy and academic performance. J Pers. 2009; 77(1): 231-60[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Abedi A, Shovakhi A, Taji M. The relationship between religiosity and happiness of high school female students in Isfahan. Biquarterly J Stud Islam Psychol. 2008; 1(2): 45-58
  • 39. Ramya N, Parthasarathy R. A study on coping patterns of junior college students. Indian J Psychol Med. 2009; 31(1): 45-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 40. Ransom MR, Alicke MD. It’sa Miracle: Separating the Miraculous from the Mundane. Arch Psychol Religion. 2012; 34(2): 243-75
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments