Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal Iran Red Crescent Med J http://www.ircmj.com 2074-1804 2074-1812 10.5812/ircmj en jalali 2017 6 25 gregorian 2017 6 25 19 3
en 10.5812/ircmj.40581 Effect of Audio-Visual Education on Self-Efficacy Toward Marriage in Single People With Type 1 Diabetes Effect of Audio-Visual Education on Self-Efficacy Toward Marriage in Single People With Type 1 Diabetes research-article research-article Conclusions

This study showed that audio-visual training can have a significant effect on the self-efficacy of people with type 1 diabetes. Providing audio-visual equipment to referral centers of type 1 diabetics, such as hospitals, health centers, and clinics, as well as informing related officials, can be of benefit to managers.

Results

The mean of the self-efficacy score improved significantly in the intervention group (84.14 ± 16.29 to 105.82 ± 5.49, P < 0.001). However, this score decreased in the control group (92.92 ± 12.33 to 86.48 ± 11.54, P < 0.001). In addition, the self-efficacy in the control group was higher than in the intervention group before the study (P = 0.003), although the score of the intervention group significantly increased after the study (P < 0.001).

Background

People with diabetes report that diabetes affects particular aspects of their marital life and leads to other problems in their lives. Moreover, the self-efficacy of diabetic patients is affected by their disease in various respects. There is a significant relationship between self-efficacy and health behaviors.

Objectives

This study was conducted to determine the effect of audio-visual education on self-efficacy toward marriage in single people with type 1 diabetes.

Methods

This randomized, controlled trial study was carried out on 100 unmarried patients with type 1 diabetes visiting Iran’s diabetes society in 2015 - 2016. The convenient sampling method was used in this study. Samples were divided into two groups (50 patients in each group) with a simple, randomized sampling method. The data collecting tool was a researcher-made questionnaire that patients completed before the intervention and eight weeks afterwards. The intervention was an educational CD about improving self-efficacy toward marriage in diabetics. Using descriptive statistics, inferential statistics (i.e., chi-square, t-test, paired t, Fisher, and co-variance tests), and SPSS software version 16, the self-efficacy toward marriage in both the intervention and control groups was compared. A significant level was considered less than 0.05.

Conclusions

This study showed that audio-visual training can have a significant effect on the self-efficacy of people with type 1 diabetes. Providing audio-visual equipment to referral centers of type 1 diabetics, such as hospitals, health centers, and clinics, as well as informing related officials, can be of benefit to managers.

Results

The mean of the self-efficacy score improved significantly in the intervention group (84.14 ± 16.29 to 105.82 ± 5.49, P < 0.001). However, this score decreased in the control group (92.92 ± 12.33 to 86.48 ± 11.54, P < 0.001). In addition, the self-efficacy in the control group was higher than in the intervention group before the study (P = 0.003), although the score of the intervention group significantly increased after the study (P < 0.001).

Background

People with diabetes report that diabetes affects particular aspects of their marital life and leads to other problems in their lives. Moreover, the self-efficacy of diabetic patients is affected by their disease in various respects. There is a significant relationship between self-efficacy and health behaviors.

Objectives

This study was conducted to determine the effect of audio-visual education on self-efficacy toward marriage in single people with type 1 diabetes.

Methods

This randomized, controlled trial study was carried out on 100 unmarried patients with type 1 diabetes visiting Iran’s diabetes society in 2015 - 2016. The convenient sampling method was used in this study. Samples were divided into two groups (50 patients in each group) with a simple, randomized sampling method. The data collecting tool was a researcher-made questionnaire that patients completed before the intervention and eight weeks afterwards. The intervention was an educational CD about improving self-efficacy toward marriage in diabetics. Using descriptive statistics, inferential statistics (i.e., chi-square, t-test, paired t, Fisher, and co-variance tests), and SPSS software version 16, the self-efficacy toward marriage in both the intervention and control groups was compared. A significant level was considered less than 0.05.

Diabetes Mellitus;Type 1;Self-Efficacy;Education;Marriage Diabetes Mellitus;Type 1;Self-Efficacy;Education;Marriage http://www.ircmj.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=40581 Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar Nursing Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Nursing Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Shiva Khodarahmi Shiva Khodarahmi Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2166927171, Fax: +98-2166904252 Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2166927171, Fax: +98-2166904252 Zeinab Tavakol Zeinab Tavakol Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, IR Iran Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, IR Iran Mohammad Ghahremani Khorram Mohammad Ghahremani Khorram Iranian Diabetes Association, Tehran, IR Iran Iranian Diabetes Association, Tehran, IR Iran Fatemeh Oskouie Fatemeh Oskouie Nursing Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Nursing Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Abbas Rahimi Foroushani Abbas Rahimi Foroushani Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran